Growing Spring Onions From Seeds

Spring onions also referred to as Allium fistulosum is a perennial plant. It is very delicious and versatile. They can be grown in minimal space and require little effort. 

The bulbs of spring onions can be consumed along with the greens. The whole plant holds importance and can be consumed either raw or cooked.  

Names and varieties of spring onions vary a lot. A few varieties of spring onions are- shallots (Australia), shallots, salad onions, Japanese welchbunching onions, scallions in the US, green onions (China), and Egyptian or tree onions. Some varieties have very small bulbs and some don’t have bulbs at all. 

Bulbs of spring onions can be consumed raw because they do not have much intense flavor. It can be grown from seed or bulb and can be stored easily for later use. 

The main variety of spring onion (Allium fistulosum) has no bulb in it. Allium refers to garlic and fistuosum means hollow stemmed in Latin. 

Spring onions are plants with a bulb and hollow stem covered with edible mild flavoured leaves. 

One variety of spring onions called red-stemmed spring onion is ornamental and eatable. 

Flavour-  these plants are mild flavoured. The bulb can be consumed along with leaves. Flavours of spring onions vary with variety from strong to sweet and mild. 

These perennial vegetables can be grown easily with very little effort and in minimal space. They are generally grown in subtropical regions. However, in cooler areas, such vegetables can be grown in nurseries. They can easily grow well in containers and even in the water on the kitchen bench. 

Height- The height of these plants ranges between 35-50 cm (12-20inch) singly or in clusters. The height of plants generally depends upon their variety. The root system of spring onions is very shallow. Therefore they can be easily grown in small pots. 

Growth of spring onions

Safe organic certified seeds can be used to grow healthy spring onions. 

Plants can also be grown from seeds saved from previous crops. 

Here is the way to collect seeds from spring onion plants- 

First, wait till the flower head of the spring onion matures fully. They chop that flower off and store it in place to dry it off. Place it to dry for around 2 weeks. Shake the seeds and scoop them out after they are completely dried. Store them in cool and dry places and seal them completely so that they do not get in contact with moisture and germinate. 

Spring onions can be stored for at least 2 years in dry places. As the age of seeds increases so does the time for germination of seeds. Germination of seeds is fastest when they are fresh. 

To grow healthy plants, you need to provide them with proper nutrition too. Homemade seed raising mix can save loads of money and is organic at the same time. 

While growing spring onions keep them moist and do not let them dry. if seeds dry out, this can lead to death. Plus, you can cover them to maintain humidity. 

You can also transplant them when they reach a height of around 15 cm. Buy 15 cm seedlings and plant them in your home garden. 

Choose varieties that suit the climate of your region. If you belong to colder regions then use the hardiest spring onion that is red welsh. Benizone variety also grows well in cold areas and has violet coloured stalks. 

Commonly preferred varieties of spring onions are mentioned below-

Spring onion ‘white Lisbon’

Spring onion white Lisbon

They have a short cropping time and are great for overwintering. Due to their easy growth, they are a perfect choice for new and inexperienced gardeners. 

Spring onion ‘Pompeii’-

Spring onion Pompeii

The bulbs of this variety are rounder in shape and silver-skinned. They are best for picking ad serving on cocktail sticks

Spring onion ‘apache’-

This red variety has a very good flavor as compared to others. It has a crisp flavor and adds color to salads. 

Spring onion apache

Spring onions feast F1 hybrid- this one is outstanding and all-rounder. Successive sowings to harvest all summer long. 

Spring onions should be planted every 3-4 weeks to ensure a regular supply of spring onions. 

Must Read: Onion Farming, Planting, Care, Harvesting

Sowing seeds

Soil for sowing seeds must be fertile and well-drained. Prepare the soil beforehand of sowing seeds in it. Use fertilizers or manure to make it fully nutritious. 

Sow seeds of spring onions in 5mm ( ⅕ inch) deep holes. Place them at least 5mm apart and in 15 cm apart rows. They need around 8-12 weeks to mature. They do not require to be thinned because you will pull them when they mature and use them straight. 

Soil is used for planting spring onions must be well-drained. Spring onions hate loamy or too wet soil. They can rot or even die with excess amounts of water. Therefore, choose well-drained soil and it should be loose and friable. 

You can also add compost or manure to make it nutritious for plants. Worm castings and liquid fertilizers are also preferred by people.

the pH of the soil must be around 6-7. If it is too acidic then add sulfur to make it normal and if the soil is too basic then add lime to make it usable.

Placement of plants for proper growth should be in well-lit areas. The sunny position ensures good and fast growth in spring onions. Ensure regular watering for proper growth. 

For greener leaves of spring onions, you can use liquid seaweed, a weak worm juice, or compost tea. 

Due to the shallow root system, spring onions can be easily grown in small pots or containers. 

Avoid planting spring onions near peas or beans. Also, drying out or stress is completely disliked by these flavored perennials. Competition from weeds can lead to weak plants because of a lack of nutrition. Further, keep them full at all times. Hungry plants will become weak and non-delicious. 

Tip-  you do not seed for growing spring onions. You can grow spring onions from bought spring too. Here is how- 

Cut them from around 1 inch above the bulb. Now you can use the above portion of leaves in cooking. The leftover should be placed in a container filled with water. Dip the bulb in water and place it in sunlight or near your window. Do change the water every day. After 2 days you will observe stem growing. You can cut the tops again and leave it growing more. 

How long does it take for spring onion seeds to germinate?

So further you might be wondering, once you sow the seeds; when will the seeds germinate?

It takes around 2 weeks for seeds of spring onions to germinate. Germination slows at lower temperatures like 6-7C. However, if the temperature is raised then germination speeds up. The optimum temperature for germination is 10-35C. Therefore, it is evident that this crop germinates fast in warmer conditions. They can even germinate in as little as 4 days if temperature conditions are favourable. 

spring onion seeds germinating

Artificial practices like the usage of bottom heat can help raise temperatures and speed up the germination process. 

Once they grow up to a height of 8-10 inches you can transplant them into your home garden in case you sowed them in a container.  

When to harvest spring onions?

Spring onions are ready to harvest when they reach a height of 12-20 inches. They mature in around 8-12 weeks. If you wish to harvest strongly flavored spring onions, then let them mature over 8 weeks. Mildly flavoured spring onions can be harvested early. 

Spring onions can be used as a filler crop too. Grow them in between other slower growing vegetables to keep your soil healthy and working. 

Harvesting Spring Onion

Once they are tall, green, and healthy-looking, they are ready to harvest. You can even cut greens with a scissor at least 3 cm above ground level. Then leave bulbs in the soil to grow more. you can water the plant with seaweed for faster regrowth. Snipping of outer leaves encourages more growth in plants. Depending on varieties, some spring onions are white while some develop brown bulbs. 

In colder temperatures, you can grow spring onions in water inside your house to maintain temperatures. 


Use flowers on spring onions to obtain seeds and save them for further use. 

After harvesting spring onions, wrap them in plastic. Edible flowers of some varieties can be harvested for use in salads, stir-fries, or for garnishing purposes. 

Health benefits of spring onions

Spring onions are full of health benefits. The presence of various nutrients makes them very healthy. Along with nutrients, the taste of this vegetable is also very good. 

They help in lowering cholesterol. They also have antibacterial and antifungal properties. Spring onions also benefit people by relieving sinus and chest ailments. 

Asthma and bronchitis ailments can also be treated by the consumption of spring onions regularly. Further, spring onions also contain anticoagulants. This helps in the thinning of blood and lowers the risk of a heart attack. 

The presence of high sulfur content in spring onions purifies blood, makes skin clearer, cleanses the liver, and improves immunity. 

Few recipes of spring onions 

As already known spring onions are loaded with deliciousness and their versatile nature makes them readily useful. They can be used to make stir-fries, used in salads, making dips, chutneys, salsa, omelets, and even used as garnishing. 

Spring onions taste so delicious when raw and even when cooked. 

Mature bulbs are strong flavoured and young slender leaves are mildly flavoured and can be enjoyed in various recipes. They are most nutritious when raw. 

You can even put them in rice, noodles, soups, pasta, eggs, or casserole to enhance the flavour and make your dishes even more delicious. 

Pest and diseases

Onion thrips 

Thrips are the main organisms that affect spring onions. They are small sucking insects and are active in warmer months. Dry and warm conditions are favorable for the growth of such insects. 

To avoid problems, keep a check on the center of plants regularly. Keeping them moist will keep most of the problems away. Tiny thrips usually attach themselves to new leaves. They cause the appearance of white, silver, and grey blotches on leaves. 

Downy mildew

This disease results in white to purple furry growth on the surface of older leaves. Leaf tissue becomes pale then yellow and collapses eventually. This disease is spread by wind. It is the main disease that occurs in spring onions and shallot production. 

Alternate fungicides can be used to cure the disease. 

Grey mould

Cool, moist springs result in the spread of this disease. Symptoms in this disease are rotting of the bulb and sunken lesions on the side or base of the bulb. Fungicides can be used to treat this disease. 

White rot (Sclerotium cepivorum)

Yellowing, wilting, and death of leaves are observed in infected plants. Decaying of leaves begins at the base and older leaves are affected at first. Fluffy mycelial growth is observed on the bulb. 

The severity of this disease varies with regions. Regions like SA and VIC are majorly hit by this disease. 

Fungicides are not being used yet to treat this disease. However, soil can be gotten rid of the fungus. Plus, Trichoderma can be used as a biological treatment. 

Further, carrot flies are also harmful to spring onions. You can keep carrot flies away by growing them between carrot plants.

Use horticultural fleece to protect them from birds. 


Spring onions or shallots are so easy to grow and maintain. They do not require much space or effort of yours. Growing these perennial plants is interesting and fruitful. 

Whole spring onions can be consumed except roots. The white bulb is strongly flavoured and tender in texture while the green part is crispier and has a mild flavour. 

With amazing health benefits and delicious taste, these vegetables are a must-have for your garden. 

Is Mushroom Farming Profitable – How to Plant, Grow & Harvest

It is a unique experience when it comes to the growing of mushrooms. The mushroom farming can be a very satisfying and profitable venture.

The mushroom is a superfood for diet-conscious individuals. Especially for those, who crave a balanced equilibrium in their diet? Mushroom is such an alternative that can bring essential nutrients to the diet. One piece of mushroom contains low calories and is a great source of fiber and protein too.

You can use dried mushroom and mushroom powder to get more mushrooms in your diet. Although fresh mushrooms may offer great health benefits, mushroom powders promote adequate and frequent intake.

Moreover, even though they are usually white, they are filled with as many antioxidants as many vivid fruits and vegetables.

Mushrooms may be grown with different methods. In addition to harvesting it directly from the forests, mushrooms can be grown with plastics bags or containers. Besides, mushrooms can also be produced over specially prepared bags.

Also Read: Sweet Potato Farming Information Guide

How to Mushroom Farming?


Before starting, it is necessary to know the essential materials that are required in the process. These include straw, water, boiling pot, sterilizer, temperature control device, bags, and drums.

While growing mushrooms, the selection of raw materials is the first step to the ladder.

Straw is the basis of the oyster mushroom production. It can be obtained from a broad range of crops, including maize, wheat, barley, rye, sunflower, etc.

Originally, for the best dry mold-free base, the straw should not have the moisture more than 12 percent.

Moreover, you can add some of the additives including wheat, rice, hay, sugar or gypsum to boost mushroom production.

Sawdust may also be an alternative to straw because the straw is produced from hardwoods.

Once the substance is selected, it is time to prepare the substrate according to the standards to achieve the best results.

Preparing the Straw for Mushroom Farming

The straw is lightweight and the organic material that is less dispersed. Even after boiling, the density does not improve significantly and therefore, you need to form the raw materials closely into the plastics containers.

Otherwise, cutting the straw into pieces and soaking into the water for some hours can be added advantages. The density can also be improved by different external materials including sunflower husk, cottonseed hulls. 

Besides, the wood chips, sawdust, sugar beet pulp, etc can also be supplemented as a substrate but these are not mandatory only subjected to the availability.

Next, the substrates are packed into the bags for heat treatment. Some growers prefer to sterilize the substrate in a bulk and treat it before it is moved to the container or bags.

In the case of former, a hole of 3 to 4 cm is made at the bottom of each bag for inoculation that we need later during the spawning.

1. Sterilization of Straw

Sterilization does the necessary task of destroying microorganisms that can harm mycelium in mushroom farming. This process involves the heating process.

Generally, the heating temperature depends on the quality of the substrate. If the substrate is of good quality, it needs heating of 95 to 200 degrees Celsius. And, the heating duration should be 4to 5 hours long.

Besides, if the substrate includes particles or dust, it should be heated at 200–600 degrees Celsius, depending on the amount of dirt.

2. Pasteurization of Straw

Oil drums are the best option for pasteurization for small-scale production. It is a process of using steam to heat the bottom of the straw-filled bags. The drums shall be coated or shaped inside a way to prevent the burning of the plastic bags. 

These drums are created in such a way that they always have water toward the base and then a channel of metal above it. The metal channel supports the plastic bags and avoids the melting and burning of plastic bags.

The period of heating depends on bag size but usually, it is about 4-5 hours for complete pasteurization in mushroom farming. 

Once, the process ends. These plastic bags are cool down to 25 degrees Celsius.


Firstly, you need to understand the purpose of growing the mushroom as well as a thorough understanding of mushroom farming. Once identified, the next step involves the selection of spawn. 

If you do not have time to devote to prepare the grown, purchasing the premade grain spawn in the ideal choice. Thus, it enables you to skip the sterilization process. And, you can easily grow the mushrooms on pasteurized straw.

To prevent contamination, a mixing of spawn obtained from approved sources is perfumed with the straw in a cleanroom. And, it is required to use clean gloves. 

The hole made earlier at the center of the bag enables mixing 20 to 25 spawns in a single bag of the substrate. This is the inoculation.

 Next, the inoculated bags are transferred to dark rooms with the temperature adjusted to 20-25 degrees Celsius. These bags are kept in incubated rooms for 15-25 days.

You can be arranging bags in different ways. Generally, they are placed in a rack and usually, no interaction is allowed between the bags.

 Once, the little mycelial starts to appear, bags are transferred to the production space. 

In most cases, the same room can be used for both purposes. If you decide to use the same room, mycelial would need at least 10 hours of lighting to grow 

Nest stage for creating little holes in all the containers. It allows mycelial to become a fruiting gland.

Mushroom Farming Tips

1. Maintaining the Environment

 It is very important to maintain oxygen, CO2 and water. Although, each mushroom variety has the different requirements of fresh air, typically, all mushrooms need a fresh air level for them to grow properly.

As mushroom is made of 90% of water thus maintaining the humidity of the atmosphere is critically important during the early stage.

In case of low humidity, the mushroom bodies can become impaired or deter to grow entirely. On the other hand, high humidity you could raise the issue like bacterial blotch and other forms of contamination.

 An accurate hygrometer can be helpful in this scenario for the best outcomes. Moisten the surface of the bed with water once a day if dryness is noticed.

 To successfully cultivate a large number of mushrooms, the temperature is also a critical factor. Mushrooms generally prefer cool, humid conditions.

 Many mushrooms may require a little warmer, like the pink or yellow oyster, but it’s not the standard but just the case. 

When the temperature during the final phase of production in mushroom farming is maintained at about 15-18 degrees Celsius, the mushrooms become more enduring and meaty at maturity.

2. Deciding the Space

Your space for the production can vary in size and shape. It should conform to the amount of crop you want to produce. When you practice developing, you have a good idea of what size of being a room you like.

In some instances, plastic bags with a random space between them can be hung on the bar.

Otherwise, you can use the rack when you choose using the plastic bags with added sawdust. The light requirements for most mushrooms are not lower than what is needed for other plants.

3. Hygiene and Cleanliness

When it comes to hygiene and cleanliness, a production room should usually have smooth washable walls and floors. You can use a diluted solution to wash them daily.

Again, it is important that contaminants can be kept away rather than discarded. If any portion of the mushroom is infected by a mold or fungus, it must be cleaned and thoroughly extracted from the production room so that the organism is not propagated further.

The production area is an essential aspect of mushroom farming. The effective maintenance of the space and the environment should be learned through practices, particularly for mushroom species.

A grower must be continually aware of the mushroom growth and how it responds to and adapts to the environment around it.

How to Mushroom Cultivation?

Generally, the mushroom would be ready for harvesting in 4 to 5 days, once an instance grows out of the bag.

Besides, a mushroom harvest cycle would be 35 to 42 days long, although some collect a crop for 60 days, and in some cases, the harvest can go on for as long as 150 days depending on the temperature, humidity.

Must Read: Growing Your Favorite Peanuts or Groundnuts

Once the mature mushroom is plucked, the mushroom residue is extracted. Thus, the remaining flush can mature again. 

Mushrooms are typically harvested at a period when the veil is not too long. The maturity of a mushroom is measured by the reach of the veil, not by the size of the mushroom. 

Therefore, all large and small mature mushrooms are ready, although both farmers and buyers choose medium to large mushrooms.

If these are grown in a cluster, it is ideal for the mushroom cultivation to pick a complete cluster when the cap of the largest mushroom in the cluster begins to go from convex to concave.

Besides, a white powder appearing on the side of the bag determines the mushrooms are simply maturing.


There are the other methods to achieve similar results, but the most effective way is that conform your budget to transform a skilled on a small-scale project.


Carrot Farming: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting

Carrots are a member of the Apiaceae family. This family generally includes celery, dill, cilantro, and anise. These are biennial crops and produce taproots in their first year of carrot farming. These taproots are consumed by people. Further, if they are not taken out and left to grow in the ground, they flower and produce seeds and then die in the second year. 

Carrot farming is quite lucrative and its benefits vary with variety and place of production. 

The botanical name of carrot is Daucus carota. 

All carrots can be consumed from the root to its tip. They can be found in various rainbow colors like red, orange, purple, or yellow. Leaves of carrots can also be used in salads. They are loaded with flavor and texture. They are very popular and versatile. Plus, it is a long-lasting root vegetable 

In the U.S. mostly orange colored carrots are found. They are consumed fresh and can be stored for some time. This vegetable ranked 6th most eaten vegetable in theU.S. in 1997. Its consumption was recorded as 14.1 pounds per person. However, till 2015 its consumption lowered down to 9.31 pounds. 

Different types of carrots?

Carrots are available in different colors, shapes, and sizes. 

Based on shape, they are divided into 5 types. 

  • Danvers – this is the most commonly known carrot variety. It is long, slender, and tapers at the end. This variety is named after a place of growth i.e. Danvers. They are mostly found in orange color but are available in other shades too. As compared to other carrot types, they can easily tolerate poor soil. 
  • Nantes- this variety is round at the top and cylindrical. They have very few green tops and crunchy taste. The sweetness of this variety makes it delicious to eat. This carrot type grows faster than other types of carrots. Around 40 varieties fall into this type. 
  • Imperator- this carrot variety is most commonly found in the U.S. It looks similar to a danver but is greater in width than Danvers. Sugar content is also higher in this variety. They have fast-growing tops. 
  • Chantenay- Before Nantes, this carrot variety was very popular for growth in heavy and clayey soil. They grow up to 6-7 inches and tops grow very fast. 
  • Ball or mini- these carrots are small in size as the name suggests. Due to their short size or shallow roots, they are perfect for containers. The size of carrots ranges between 3-4 inches. 
 types/varieties of carro

Varieties of carrots

Some commonly used varies of carrots are-

  • Bolero- This variety of carrot is slightly tapered. It grows up to 7-8 inches. They can resist leaf pests and blights. Therefore, they can be easily grown in areas that suffer from this problem. 
  • Danvers -This variety is a classic heirloom. The size of this variety varies from 6-8 inches. They taper at the end too. Danvers can grow in heavy soil and are rich in texture and have an orange color. 
  • Littlefinger- little fingers are heirlooms and are small Nantes. They only go up to 4 inches in height. Growth of this variety can be easily carried out in containers. 
  • Nantes- these cylindrical carrots grow up to 6-7 inches. They are sweet and have a crisp texture. 
  • Thumbelina- these carrots have a round shape and grow well in clayey soil. Containers are also suitable for thumberline production. 

Carrot growing season 

Carrots are cool-season crops. They can grow perfectly in temperatures ranging from 18-21C. This temperature range provides edible roots optimum color.

Carrots are grown in loose or sandy soil. Growing in such kind of soil provides enough room for roots to expand without any restrictions. Keep in mind that any root or soil clumps should be completely removed from the planting site. They grow well in cool seasons. The best time to grow carrots in spring or fall. 

It takes around 2-4 months for carrots to fully mature. You Can keep planting carrots in spring and summer after every 3 weeks to get a continuous supply of carrot still cold frosts hit. 

In the U.S. for fresh carrot farming, the gross value is $10600 per acre. This value may vary with the area and merchandise level. 

What should be the soil condition for carrot farming?

As mentioned earlier, the soil should be loose and sandy for letting carrots to grow fully. If soil is not good then carrots may face stunted growth. 

Soil can be cleared up to 12 inches in depth. Remove rocks, pebbles, soil clumps, or any other plant roots from soil to provide a clean and free area to grow. 

Do not add fertilizers that have nitrogen in them. It leads to forking in carrots and the growth of side roots too. 

Grow carrots in older coffee grounds for getting nutrients from the soil

If the soil on the planting site is clayey or heavy then cover it with 12-inch deep sandy soil. Then you can carry out carrot farming on it. You can also use airy, loamy soil for the same. 

If soil is heavy, compact, and overly packed with nutrients like nitrogen then it leads to misshapen carrot production. They are not quite fit for consumption. 

When to plant carrots?

For harvest in summer, you should sow seeds at least 3-5 weeks before the last spring frost date. There is various software available to check frost dates in your area. 

Keep sowing seeds every 3 weeks to harvest carrots continuously later on. 

For harvesting in the fall, you can sow seeds in mid of summer end. You can begin showing 10 weeks before the first frost. 

For sowing seeds, you must prepare your planting site. The soil must be favorable for carrot farming. It should be loose, airy, loamy, and sandy for carrot farming. The planting area should receive full sunlight. However, carrots can survive in partial shade too. 

Also Read: Turnip Farming Information Guide

How to plant carrots?

Rather than sowing seeds in containers first and then transplanting, start sowing directly into the soil. Carrots do not like to get their delicate roots disturbed. Therefore, it is better to place them in soil and do not disturb them till harvesting. 

While sowing seeds, sow them in ¼ inch deep holes. Keep them around 2-3 inches apart in 1 feet rows. 

Distribute seeds evenly to get a good harvest at the end. Scatter them here and there will not ensure properly and fully grown carrots. They might face competition from each other. 

Further, the soil should be moist but not wet. Keep adding shallow waterings regularly. A crusted soil top is not favorable for the germination of small carrots. To avoid this condition, cover the top of the soil with a vermiculite or compost layer. It keeps the soil moist and doesn’t let the crust form. 

It takes around 2-3 weeks for germination. Carrots germinate slowly so many gardens prefer sowing radish along. Radish is ready to harvest in a very small time. To speed up germination on carrots you can perform a damp paper towel method. That allows seeds to sprout before being sewed into the soil. 

The adequate temperature for seed germination is 50-85F. It can germinate at low temperatures up to 40F and as high as 75F if it is provided with adequate moisture. Seeds can be stored and used for 3 years. 

Care Of Carrots 

To keep carrots weed-free and healthy, mulch can be used. It helps in retaining moisture in the soil and suppresses weeds too. Also, germination speeds up if mulch is used. It also blocks sunlight from falling directly on roots and damaging them. 

The thinning of carrots can also be performed when they grow about 1 inch tall. Thin carrots so that they stay at least 3-4 inches apart and do not become crowded. 

For better growth, snip tops of carrots using scissors rather than pulling. 

Providing a proper amount of water is crucial in the growth of carrots. They need moisturized soil but it should not be too wet. Wet soil can lead to diseases and even cause the death of plants. Water up to 1inch per acre per week. When carrots mature, water can be increased by up to 2 inches per acre. 

Nitrogen is harmful to carrots so avoid nitrogen fertilizer use. Instead, high potassium and phosphorus fertilizers can be used after 5-6 weeks of sowing. This ensures nutrition for carrots. 

Must Read: Rabbit farming: How to Start Raising Rabbits

Harvesting Carrot production

When harvesting, know that smaller carrots taste better than larger ones. They can be harvested after 60-80 days of sowing seeds. 

When to harvest carrots?

Carrots are ready to harvest when they reach at least ½ inch in diameter size. If the growth of carrots was carried out in spring or early summer then harvest them before it gets too hot. Heat sends signals to carrots to make their roots more fibrous. This condition can make them a little nonedible. 

Moisten your soil a little to ease out pulling carrots while harvesting. 

In fall harvest, wait for the first fall frost before harvesting your crop. Cover soil with about an 18 inch leaves layer. After frost, pull out your carrots. The reason behind this is, frost tends to force carrots to store energy in roots. Energy is stored in the form of sugars. Hence, your carrots become sweeter at this time. 

Do not wash your carrots if you are not going to use them next week. 

How do you know when carrots are ready to pick?

Tops of carrots start popping out of the ground sometimes and it is a clear indication that they are ready to harvest. Their tops can be around ¾ inch to 1 inch in diameter. Moreover, its color is vibrant. 

If carrot tops are not bulging out themselves, remove some soil from their sides, and check their condition. 

Generally, this happens around 60-80 days after sowing seeds. 

Storage of carrots

Cut the greens of the carrots but leave 1/2 inch of it attached to the carrots. It is necessary to remove greens otherwise they will extract all sugars away from carrots. 

Wash carrots with cold water remove all dirt from them. Seal them in airtight plastic bags after air drying and store them in the refrigerator. If you leave them just as it is they will limp soon. 

Carrots can be stored in a cool and dry area. You can also fill up a place with dry sawdust and store carrots in it. 

Pest and diseases in carrots 

Carrot rust flies, flea beetles, black canker, root-knot nematodes, and wireworms can easily infect and feed on carrot production. 

Nematodes have a very vast host range and too much infection of carrots can make them unfit for cultivation. 

After yellow disease, carrots produced are short and have discolored tops with roots very hairy. Leafhoppers move from one plant to another and lead to this disease. No treatment or control strategy is available for this disease. 

Health benefits of carrots

Half cup of carrots has the following nutrition- 

25 calories, 2g of fiber, 6g of carbohydrates, 0.5g of proteins. 

Half cup of carrots has the following amount of vitamins and minerals-

73% of the daily requirement of vitamin A

9% of the daily requirement of vitamin K

8% of the daily requirement of potassium and fiber content 

5% of the daily requirement of vitamin C

2% of the daily requirement of iron and calcium

Also, it has beta carotene and vitamin A which is good for the eyes. 

It also aids in lowering down the risk of cancer. Antioxidants present in carrots fight with harmful radicals in the body. Carotenoids and anthocyanins are the main antioxidants present in carrots. 

Heart diseases can be prevented by carrot consumption. Antioxidants are good for health and potassium keeps blood pressure in check. 


Carrot farming can be easily carried out by taking care of basic things. They have very high and regular demand. The growth of carrots is easy and therefore, it can be a profitable business for you. The yield of carrots varies depending on the variety that you choose. So, check out varieties that grow well in your area and provide profits at the same time and then begin.


How to Grow Ginger [Step by Step Guide]

Ginger farming is a crop which is very profitable. Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) is a significant commercial crop which belongs to Zingiberaceae family. Ginger farming is extensively done owing to the high value and its use in wide purposes such as medicine, confectionary, and food additives.

It is an indigenous plant which is used as a stimulant and carminative medicine for treating gastro-intestinal tract concern. Ginger consists of 6.5% Oleoresin that is commercially known as ‘Gingirene’ obtained from ground ginger by solvent extraction process.

Ginger is an herbaceous perennial consisting of underground rhizomes (also known as creeping rootstalk) comprising of leafy shoots of 0.5-0.75 m height. Thus, the propagation of the crop occurs through aromatic rhizomes. The leaves of the ginger plant are narrow and dark green in color. The flowers are speckled, small yellowish in color. The plant finds its use both as a spice and a medicine. At the commercial level, ginger is used as a dried rhizome.

Ginger is marketed in various forms such as ginger candy, ginger beer, dry ginger, ginger ale, raw ginger, ginger wine, ginger flakes, ginger oil, ginger oleoresin, bleached dry ginger, ginger powder, and many other varieties.

Dry ginger as well as fresh ginger is used in preparing various dishes due to its flavor, aroma, and pungent taste around the world, especially in Asia. The major producers of ginger in the world are India, China, Nepal, Thailand, Nigeria, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and the Philippines.

Uses of Ginger

Oleoresin and essential oil obtained from ginger is used in the manufacture of perfumes and flavouring essences. Ginger also finds its use in the production of pharmaceutical preparations, ginger beer, cordials, ginger wine, and pickles.

A dietary intake of 5g of ginger can help to avoid coronary artery disease that occurs due to the consumption of fatty food items. The fibrinolytic activity is enhanced with the consumption of ginger that helps in preventing CAD (Coronary artery disease). Medicines and soft drinks can also be prepared from ginger.

How long does ginger take to grow?

This step is crucial in ginger farming. The growth rate differs from crop to crop. For a ginger crop to reach adulthood, it takes approximately 8-10 months. Thus, it takes around 8-10 months of time to grow into a complete adult plant. Conversely, if ginger is required for the vegetable purpose it can be collected after 6 months.  The best method to understand that ginger is fully grown is to monitor the leaves. When the leaves start turning yellowish indicates the complete growth of the yield.

Ginger Farming Techniques

Various ginger farming techniques are implemented at commercial and non-commercial levels. The ginger planting techniques are majorly divided into two methods –  Direct method and Indirect method. Direct method of planting includes the Broad ridge system, and Flat-bed system. Transplanting is the indirect method used for ginger farming.

  • Broad Ridge System

This system is followed in soils which are medium to heavy. The beds are raised at a height of 20-30 cm. The beds are 75-100 cm broad at the tops. Depending on the slope of the land, the length of the bed varies from 6-10 m. The sets are planted 10 cm deep and 30 cm apart from each other. At a particular spot, only one set is plant and then covered by the soil. After planting the crop, light irrigation is immediately given. The yield is 50% more as compared to the flat bed system.

  • Flat Bed System

When the soil is light, flat bed method is used. The beds are of 4×4 m size. The sets are placed 20-30 cm away from each other and are 10 cm deep. Only one set per hill is planted and covered by soil. After planting, immediate light irrigation is given.

  • Transplanting Method

In order to produce a good variety of seedlings, the transplanting method is used as a standardized method. The technique uses single bud sprouts which are around 4-6 g in weight. The method has many advantages such as the reduction of seed rhizome quantity, reduced cost on seeds, and production of disease-free planting materials.

Also Read: Cabbage Farming Guide

How to Plant Ginger?

Usually, ginger is grown from rhizomes, seeds or by tissue culture method. Out of all these, tissue culture is the best and productive way of growing ginger.

In order to select the dormant rhizome, collect the fresh and healthy ginger. If the skin is not thick on the outside, ensure to keep them in direct sunlight for around 3-7 days. The skin of the ginger should be yellow-brownish in color.

Planting ginger is easy and beneficial by cutting into small parts. Cutting the rhizome is an easy method. The ginger plant considers rhizome as its own root and starts to grow new roots from it. The dormant rhizome is cut around 2-3 weeks before planting which is similar to potatoes.  

ginger cultivation

The part should contain at least one eye when it’s cut off and should weigh around 4-6 g. The cutting size can be from 1-3 inches and it solely depends on the preference. The rhizome that is bigger in size produces large food. This method causes the destruction of the rhizome and thus it is recommended to cut the rhizome.

Once the best rhizome is selected, keep them aside for some days to allow the split surface region to grow and recover a callus. It is essential to be patient while growing ginger as it grows gradually and predominantly outside. The sprout however might start to grow in several days.

During this phase, it is essential to water regularly or at least for 2 weeks. A movable tray bed is advisable and avoid placing the bed directly under the sun. This stage of the plant requires approximately 3-4 hours of sunlight during morning and evening time. An acre of land requires 600-800 kg of ginger seeds for sowing.

Ginger Cultivation Season

The ideal season for transplanting ginger roots is in early spring in North America and the USA. Spring and summer season is good for Africa and other subcontinent countries that depend on natural rainfall. The crop should be planted 2-3 weeks before the rainy season. Although it should be noted that heavy rainfall is harmful to the ginger plants. 

Climate Required for Ginger Growth

Ginger can grow in areas where there the weather is sunny with moderate rain. The climate necessary for ginger growth is a dry environment with moderate rain and sunlight. However, direct sun is harmful to the plant. A sheltered place is ideal where it can receive 2-5 hours of sunlight. Additionally, the manual watering or water from rain is required at regular intervals.

Soil Preparation for Ginger

Ginger roots grows best in moist, rich, well-drained, and loose loamy soil worldwide. The loaming soil restricts the waterlogging in the roots as it drains the excess water. Ginger roots are fond of acidic soils in a pH range of 5.5-6.5. The ginger rhizome can be grown at both rain-fed and irrigated conditions.

Varieties of Ginger

Different kind of varieties are grown in India. The important varieties are Varada, Wynad Local, Maran, Himachal, Kuruppampadi, Suravi, Mahima, Suprabha, Suruchi, Rajasthan, Assam, and Himgiri among others. Rio-De-Janeiro and China are the varieties that are imported.

Intercropping in Ginger Production

Ginger is a shade-loving crop and thus needs high moisture content in the environment for the normal growth. Ginger can be intercropped with other plants such as tree castor, banana, cluster beans, and pigeon-pea. At higher altitudes, it can be intercropped with chilli and tomato. Ginger can be mixed with orange, coconut, and coffee plantations.


During the crop period, ginger requires 1300-1500 mm of water. The significant steps for irrigation are rhizome development stages, germination, and rhizome initiation. Immediately after planting, the first irrigation is provided and consequent irrigation are done between 7-10 days. Drip system and sprinklers are used to enhance the yield by increasing the water efficiency.


To handle the problem of weed, 2-4 hand weeding is always advisable depending on the growth stage of the crop. The weeding process is followed by the earthling process that helps to cover the rhizome.


Earthling up is essential for the growing process of ginger. The soil is drawn around the plant with the help of spade. This process breaks the fibrous roots which ultimately supports the growth for better development of rhizome. The process further enhances the yield.


In order to handle the post-sowing water stress, beds are covered using straws, plant residues, and dry leaves. Usually, farmers cover the beds using twigs and green leaves of Chillaune (Schimawallichii) but it varies as per the conditions.

The type of mulch differs from 5-20 tonnes/ha in dry form. The mulching process provides heat as well as moisture to the beds, protects young germinated plants from storms and heavy rains, reduces soil erosion, and increases germination. The post-decomposition stage transforms this mulch into a nutrition source for the soil and thus fulfilling the plant’s need.

Harvesting of Ginger

ginger harvest

The harvesting of ginger can be done when the leaves start to dry and turn yellow in color. It takes around 8-10 months for harvesting but it also depends on the planting time. The irrigation should be halted one month before the harvest. The lifting of the rhizomes can be done by digging with a spade.

The ginger harvested for 5-6 months can be utilised for preparing pickles, alcoholic beverages, candy, ginger preserve, soft drinks, and for vegetable purpose. The crop harvested during 7-8 months can be dried and used for the preparation of oleoresin, bleached ginger, dehydrated ginger, and ginger oil.


The plants need to be fertilized for 6-8 weeks. Organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion or seaweed extract can be used. The nutrition required for the growth of the ginger are –Potassium, Phosphorus, and Nitrogen.

Potassium is essential for transpiration, osmosis, opening and closing of stomas of leaves, and yeast activation.

Phosphorus is necessary for respiration in plants as well as for nucleic acids, enzymes, and phospholipids evolution. It also aids in stimulating fresh root extension.

Nitrogen is necessary for amino acids, chlorophyll, and proteins. It is vital in comprehensive portions.

Tips to Grow Ginger Faster

Following are some tips to practice while doing farming techniques:

  • Monitor the health and ginger root growth after 2-3 months
  • The pH of the soil should be maintained in the range of 6.1-6.5
  • Ensure to provide proper fertilizer to the ginger plant
  • Soil should be loose and well-drained for the rapid growth of ginger roots

Ginger Cultivation Profit per Acre

The net profit from 1 acre of ginger cultivation is approximately 3,31,162/ acre. However, this may vary depending on the market conditions.

Recommendation for Better Production

  • Prevent waterlogging in the ginger crop field
  • Try to keep the field weed-free
  • Crop rotation should be followed at least 3-4 years
  • Use disease-free rhizomes for sowing
  • Always try to avoid removing mother rhizome as it increases disease intensity

Control and Detection of Pests

Mites, slugs, nematodes, snails, and leafminers are the ones that harm ginger. The early stage is mainly prone to mite infestation. Insecticidal soap showers can be useful against mites. Slugs and snails mainly eat the fresh and adult leaves. To shield the leaves from these snails and slugs, farmers need to mulch the sand properly. The bulb tubers are affected by on-segmented roundworms that might cause bacterial or fungal infection. The pests can be controlled by keeping the plant clean.

Storing Process of Ginger

Ginger can be stored in dried as well as fresh state. The fresh and cleaned ginger can be stored in cold climate with a temperature in between 10-15°C. The storage of dried ginger involves following steps:

  • The ginger should be cleaned using fresh water
  • Cleaned ginger is then dried in the sun. The ginger can be cut into pieces to dry them faster
  • The dried ginger can be stored in the same form or can be powdered
  • The product obtained can be stored in a tin, glass or paper bags


Cultivating ginger in the same land might result in a low yield of the crop. The one-year break is mandatory after farming for 2-3 years. Organic compost can also prove useful in this condition.

How Often to Water Chilli Plants?

Grow chili plants in your garden. They are easy to take care of and you can use their fruits in many recipes.

Watering chili plants needs to be done correctly. Too much or too little water can damage the plant. How often should you give your chili plant water? Let’s find out!

Chilli plants need different amounts of water. This depends on their age and size, the type of soil they are in, the temperature, light levels and humidity. Generally, chilli plants should get a lot of water once a week if planted outside or twice a week if in a pot.

In the summer, chilli plants need more water. You should give them water three times each week.

Water chili plants early in the morning. This gives the soil time to absorb the water before it gets too hot outside and all of water disappears.

Watering Needs of Chili Plants

It is important to know how much water your chili plants need. Not enough water can make the leaves wilt and fall off. Too much water can be bad for the roots. Find out how much water they need so they stay healthy.

Chili plants need different amounts of water. Depending on its size, the amount of sunlight it absorbs, and what kind of soil surrounds it; irrigation for plants can vary.

  • Chili plants need different amounts of water. When they are small, give them more water. When they start to make fruit, give them the most water.
  • The amount of water your chili plant requires is heavily dependent upon the kind of soil it resides in. Sandy soil dries out faster than clay soil, so a chili plant in sandy soil may need more water more often.
  • Depending on the weather, your chili plants may need different levels of water; for instance, dry and hot conditions necessitate more hydration than cooler and humid environments.
  • Cultivating chili plants in pots can determine the amount of water they require, and it all depends on their size.
  • Owing to the fact that they dry out more rapidly than their larger counterparts, miniature planters require frequent hydration.

How Often Should You Water Your Chili Plant?

Chili plants need a lot of water. To figure out how often to water them, check the top inch of soil. Parched soil requires one or two thorough watering each week to ensure the plant’s health. This might change depending on things like light and temperature.

To check if your chili plant needs water, stick your finger into the soil. Go in up to the first joint on your finger. If it feels dry, give it some water. If it feels wet, wait a day or two and then check again.

Also Read: Is Cow Manure Good For Chili Plants?

Overwatering Chilli Plant

Don’t give your chili plant too much water. If you do, the leaves might turn yellow and fall off. Water your chili plant one or two times a week. Look at your sprinkler system to make sure it is not using too much water.

Take care of your chili plant by following the tips. Give it enough water and it will stay healthy. With good care, your chili plant can last a long time.

Under-watering Chilli Plants

Without adequate watering, your chili plants will struggle to reach their full potential. Feel the soil to see if it is dry. If yes, give them a lot of water. If their leaves are droopy or yellow, give them more water. Keep the soil damp so they stay healthy.

Take care of your chili plants. Give them enough water to stay healthy and keep growing. This way, you can have a chili plant for a long time!

Best Soil for Chilli Plants

Chili plants need soil with lots of nutrients and the right pH balance. The soil should be light and airy so the roots can get water before it disappears into the air.

To help your chili plants grow, add compost or mulch to the soil. This will give it more nutrients and help water get to the plant. Change where you put the plants sometimes so they stay healthy.

Check this out: How Long Does It Take to Grow Peppers from Seed?

Mulching Chilli plant to Avoid Underwatering

Use mulch to help your chili plants get water. Mulch is things like straw or leaves. It will help keep the soil wet and stop water from going away. The roots of the chili plants will have enough water, so you don’t need to water them a lot. Mulching also keeps weeds away and makes sure that the soil stays in one place.

Take care of your chili plants by giving them enough water. This will help them stay healthy and grow bigger. With proper care, these plants will thrive in your garden for years to come.

Tips for Watering Chili Plants

  1. Water your chili plant in the morning. This way it can get water before it gets too hot outside.
  2. Chili plants don’t like cold water. Use water that is the same temperature as your room when you give it to the chili plants.
  3. Do not water the leaves of chili plants. Watering the leaves can give them a sickness. Instead, water the soil near the plant.
  4. Spreading a layer of mulch around your chili plant can be an effective way to retain moisture in the soil, meaning you won’t have to water as frequently.
  5. It is important for water to get down deep into the soil around your chili plant. To help with this, use a watering can that has a long spout. With this tool, you’ll be able to precisely direct the water exactly where it has to go.
  6. Remember that chili plants need more water when it is hot outside or when there is little or no rain.

How often should I water my chili plants?

Chili plants need to be watered once or twice a week. Check the soil to see if it is dry and then water your plant. When temperatures soar or a dry spell strikes, frequent watering may be necessary. Don’t give too much water because that can hurt the roots.

Also Read: Chilli Flowers Dropping Off – Plant not flowering

What is the best time to water my chili plants?

Water your chili plants in the morning. Use water that is not cold or hot, just room temperature. Don’t water the leaves, only the soil around the plant. This will help keep it healthy.

Can I use cold water to water my chili plants?

Don’t use cold water to water your chili plants. Cold water can hurt the roots. Use room temperature water instead so that the plant can get the most out of the watering.

Should I water the leaves of my chili plant?

Do not water the leaves of chili plants. This can give them fungi diseases. Only water the soil around the plant instead. Put mulch on the soil around your chili plant to keep it moist and help you water it less often.

What is the best way to keep soil moist for chili plants?

Mulching can help your chili plants get more water. Put straw or leaves around the soil to prevent water from evaporating quickly. This will help the roots of your chili plants get enough water and you won’t need to water them as often. Mulching also stops weeds from growing and keeps the soil in place.

How do I ensure that the water penetrates deeply into the soil around my chilli plant roots?

Make sure the water gets deep into the ground near your chili plant. A watering can with a long spout can help you water the plants in hard to reach places.

Do chili plants need more water in hot weather or during dry periods ?

Chili plants need more water when it is hot or when there are droughts. Check your chili plants often and give them water if they need it. With good care, the chili plants will stay healthy and last a long time in your garden.


Watering a chili plant is important so it can stay healthy and grow. Too much water can hurt the plant. Check the top inch of soil before you water it. Depending on the temperature, water your plants one or two times a week to ensure optimal growth.

Water chili plants with room temperature water. Mulch around the plants to keep the soil moist for longer. Give extra water during hot and dry weather.

How Much Sun Do Radishes Need?

Radishes are a delicious and nutritious vegetable for any garden. These crunchy root vegetables are easy to grow and can be harvested in as little as three weeks. However, like any plant, radishes have specific needs that must be met in order for them to thrive well. One of the most important factors for radish growth is sunlight.

Sunlight is essential for all plants, as it provides the energy they need to grow and produce food. Radishes are no exception, and they require a certain amount of sunlight in order to develop properly. So, how much sun do radishes need?

Radishes need 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. This means that they should be planted in a location that receives full sun for most of the day. If your garden is in a location that gets partial sun or shade, you can still grow radishes, but they may not grow as quickly or as large as they would in full sun. 

Moreover, too much sun can be harmful to radishes, causing them to bolt or become bitter. Therefore, finding the right balance of sun exposure is key to growing healthy and tasty radishes.

Radish growth requirements

Radish growth requirements are crucial when planting and growing. As previously mentioned, sunlight is one of the most important factors that can affect the growth and yield of radishes.

Radishes need a lot of sunlight to grow properly. They require at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day to develop strong and healthy roots, leaves, and bulbs. Without enough sunlight, radishes can become weak and stunted, which can lead to lower yields and distasteful radishes.

To make sure that your radishes receive enough sunlight, plant them in an area of your garden where they can get full sun exposure. This means an area that is not shaded by trees, buildings, or other structures that could block the sun’s lights. You should also avoid planting radishes in areas where they will be exposed to strong winds, as this can damage the plants and affect their growth.

However, radishes need a lot of sunlight but can be sensitive to high temperatures. If the temperature gets too high, radishes can bolt or become bitter. In such cases, you can use shade cloth to protect them from the sun and prevent them from becoming stressed.

Also Read: Why Are My Radishes Long and Thin?

Effects of too much or too little Sunlight

While sunlight is essential for radish growth, too much or too little sunlight can have negative effects on the plant.

If radishes receive too much sunlight, they can become stressed and their growth can become stunted. This is because high levels of sunlight can cause the plant to lose too much moisture, which can lead to wilting and leaf burn.

On the other hand, if radishes receive too little sunlight, they can become weak and spindly. This is because, without enough sunlight, radishes will not be able to produce enough energy to grow strong and healthy. They may also become more sensitive to diseases and pests.

Balance it correctly when it comes to radish sunlight needs. You can protect your radishes from too much sunlight by providing them with shade during the hottest part of the day, or by planting them in an area that gets partial sun. 

Similarly, you can ensure that they receive enough sunlight by planting them in a location that gets full sun exposure.

Also Read: Why Are My Radishes Growing Above Ground?

Can Radishes Grow in Shade?

Many people think that all vegetables need full sun exposure to grow and thrive well. However, some vegetables, including radishes, can grow in partial shade or even full shade.

While radishes generally prefer full sun exposure, they can still grow and produce in shaded areas. In fact, some radish varieties are known for their ability to grow in partial sun or shaded areas.

If you plan to grow radishes in a shaded area, it’s important to ensure that they receive some sunlight each day. You can achieve this by planting them in a spot that receives morning sunlight and you can use reflective surfaces to direct sunlight towards your plants.

Moreover, radishes grown in shaded areas may take longer to mature and may produce smaller yields than those grown in full sun. However, if you don’t have access to a sunny growing area, growing radishes in partial shade or full shade is still a possible option.

Also Read: How to Use Cow Manure for Vegetable Garden?

Can sunlight requirements vary for different varieties of radishes?

Radishes come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colours, and different varieties of radishes may have different sunlight requirements.

Raphanus sativus, the scientific name for the common radish, is classified as a cool-season crop. It grows best in temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees F. However, radishes do best with around six hours of sun exposure per day.

The sunlight requirements of different radish varieties can also vary depending on the time of year and the climate. In hotter climates, radishes may require more shade and cooler temperatures to prevent wilting and leaf burn, while in cooler climates, they may require more direct sunlight to grow properly.

Lastly, research the specific sunlight requirements of the radish variety you plan to grow to ensure that you provide it with the appropriate amount of sunlight. You can either search this information on seed packets or through online search.

Also Read: How Much Sunlight Does Garlic Need?

Tips for providing the right amount of Sunlight

Here are some tips to help you provide your radishes with the right amount of Sunlight –

Choose the right location – Choosing a location for your radishes that receives full sun exposure is essential. Look for an area in your garden that is not shaded by anything and couldn’t block the sun’s rays.

Observe your radishes – Keep a close eye on your radishes and watch their growth. If they appear to be struggling or developing slowly, they may not be receiving enough sunlight. On the other hand, if they are wilting or have burnt leaves, they may be receiving too much sunlight.

Provide shade – If you live in an area with particularly high levels of sunlight, or if your radishes are getting too much direct sunlight, consider providing them with shade during the hottest part of the day.

Use supplemental lighting – If you are growing radishes indoors, or if you are not able to find a location in your garden that gets full sun exposure, you can use supplemental lighting to provide your radishes with the energy they need to grow. LED grow lights are a great option for indoor radish growing.

Consider the temperature – Radishes can be sensitive to high temperatures. If the temperature gets too high, radishes can become stressed and their growth can be affected. Check the temperature as needed.


Radishes are versatile and easy-to-grow vegetables that can thrive in a variety of growing conditions. By providing the right amount of sunlight, whether it be full sun or partial shade, you can grow delicious and healthy radishes in no time.

It’s also important to note that while radishes can grow in partial shade or full shade, they will require at least 4 hours of direct sunlight per day to produce well. By planting your radishes in a location that receives morning sunlight or using artificial lights, you can grow your radish well.

How to Grow Radish from Scraps?

Growing your own vegetables at home is a satisfying and rewarding experience that can provide you with fresh and healthy produce all year round. And what better way to start than by growing radishes from scraps? Radishes are easy-to-grow vegetables that can thrive in a variety of environments.

If you’ve never heard of growing radishes from scraps before, you can try it now. All you need are a few healthy radish scraps, a container or pot, and some soil, and you’ll be well on your way to growing your own fresh radishes at home.

Instead of throwing away your radish scraps, you can turn them into a new batch of fresh, home-grown radishes. 

So, whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, get ready to discover how to grow your own radishes from scraps and enjoy the satisfaction of harvesting your own fresh produce at home.

Selecting the Right Radish Scraps

Here’s what you need to know about selecting the right radish scraps for replanting –

Firstly, you want to look for healthy and fresh scraps that are free from any signs of decay or damage. Make sure the scraps of radish are recently harvested, as older scraps may have a lower chance of regrowth.

When selecting radish scraps, look for those that have a healthy root system. The root system is crucial to the regrowth of your radish. That means avoiding scraps that have been broken or damaged during the harvesting process.

Grow Radish from Scraps – Method 1

When it comes to growing radishes from scraps, preparing the scraps for planting is an important step to ensure their successful growth. Here are some tips on how to prepare your radish scraps for planting –

Start by cutting off the tops of the radish. You can use a sharp knife or scissors to do this. Make sure to leave about 1-2 inches of the top of the radish intact.

Next, remove any remaining leaves on the radish. This will help the radish focus its energy on growing new roots and leaves rather than trying to support the existing foliage.

Find a sunny spot where you want to plant your radish scraps. Prepare the soil by digging a two-inch hole in the ground, and then place the root end of the radish into the hole. Cover the hole with soil, making sure to gently press down around the root to ensure it’s secure. 

When planting your radish scraps, make sure to space them out properly. Dig a row of holes, keeping at least two inches between each hole. If you’re planting multiple rows, make sure to space them at least 10 inches apart to allow for proper growth and development.

Radishes typically mature within a month of planting, but if the temperature is cooler than 50°F, it may take up to 50 days for them to mature.

Radishes grow best in cool temperatures, around 60-65°F. Avoid planting radish scraps during the hottest parts of the year and make sure to provide adequate shade during hot days.

However, radishes need plenty of sunlight to grow well. Make sure to place your container or pot in an area that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.

Radishes benefit from regular fertilization. Apply a balanced fertilizer or compost tea once a week to help promote healthy growth and a strong root system.

Method 2

Get a radish and remove the stems and leaves. Next, take the radish and insert three toothpicks into it, then position the radish on the edge of a glass.

Pour water into the glass without filling it to the brim, making sure the top part of the radish is poking out of the water. Avoid completely submerging the radish as this will cause it to drown.

Place the glass in a sunny window and let it be. If the water level gets low, simply add more water. After about a week, you may start to see roots and leaves forming, which means that growth has begun. Allow the radish to continue growing in the water for about two weeks.

Once the radish has filled the entire glass with roots, it is time to transfer it to a flower pot. At this stage, the radish plant requires the nutrients that are present in the soil. Make sure to keep the plant in a warm and sunny spot, and water it as needed.

Harvesting and storage

Radishes are ready to harvest about 3-4 weeks after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions. To check if your radishes are ready, gently brush away the soil around the base of the plant and look for a mature root. The root should be around 1 inch in diameter and be firm to the touch.

If you’re not sure whether your radishes are ready to harvest, you can also check the size of the plant’s top. If it’s about 2-3 inches tall, then your radishes are likely ready for harvest.

Now, grasp the greens at the base of the plant and gently pull upwards. The entire plant, including the root, should come out of the ground easily. Shake off any excess soil from the roots, but don’t wash them as this can lead to spoilage. 

Instead, store them as they are or wrap them in a damp paper towel to keep them moist.

Furthermore, freshly harvested radishes can be stored in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. 

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Growing Radishes from Scraps

Here are common Mistakes to Avoid When Growing Radishes from Scraps-

1. Choosing the Wrong Scraps

Not all radish scraps are created equal. Ensure that you choose scraps that are fresh and healthy. Avoid using scraps that are too small, too old, or have started to rot and have a yellowish colour. The ideal radish scrap is a root that is about 1 inch in diameter and has a healthy and firm texture.

2. Planting Too Deep

Radish should be planted about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in the soil. If you plant them too deep, they may not germinate properly and will not grow into healthy plants. Make sure that the soil is loose and well-drained to allow the roots to grow properly.

3. Overcrowding

Radishes need room to grow, so be sure to space them properly. To avoid overcrowding, plant radish seeds about 1 inch apart and thin out the seedlings to leave about 2-3 inches of space between the remaining plants.

4. Not Enough Water

Radishes need regular watering to grow properly, especially during the hot summer months. However, overwatering can also cause problems, such as rotting and disease. To avoid these issues, water your radishes regularly but not excessively.

5. Harvesting Too Late

Radishes are a fast-growing crop that matures in just 3-4 weeks. However, if you leave them in the ground too long, they will become woody, tough, and lose their flavour. To avoid this, check your radishes regularly and harvest them as soon as they mature.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can grow healthy and delicious radishes from scraps in your own garden. 


Growing radishes from scraps is an easy and rewarding way to enjoy fresh, homegrown produce. By following the tips and guidelines mentioned earlier, you can avoid common mistakes and ensure a successful harvest.

Remember to choose the right scraps, prepare them properly, and plant them in well-draining soil in a sunny spot. Be mindful of watering and avoid overcrowding, and harvest your radishes when they are mature to enjoy their full flavor.

Give it a try and make your own radish from scraps.

How Much Water Does Radish Need?

Radishes are a cool-season crop that grows quickly and can be harvested in as little as three weeks. They prefer consistent moisture, but overwatering can lead to disease and stunted growth. 

Also, under-watering can result in small, woody roots that are unappealing to eat. So, how much water do radishes need?

It depends on a few things like the weather, the type of soil and how much old plants you have. However, radishes need about 1 inch of water every week to thrive well.

When you’re watering your radishes, make sure the water is getting down to the roots. If you just sprinkle water on top of the soil, it won’t reach the roots, and your radishes may not grow properly.

Radish Watering Needs

Radishes are pretty unique plants and have specific watering needs that are different from other plants. They grow quickly, reach maturity in just a few weeks, and have shallow roots. 

This means they need constant moisture, but overwatering can lead to disease and stunted growth. On the other hand, under-watering can cause the radish to become small, woody, and distasteful.

So, how do you know when it’s time to water your radishes? 

One simple way is to stick your finger into the soil of the plant. If it feels dry to the touch, then water it accordingly.

Another way is to observe your plants. If the leaves are drooping, it’s a sign they need water. But, if the leaves are turning yellow then it may be a sign of overwatering. Be careful not to overdo it.

Also Read: Why Are My Radishes Long and Thin?

What Affect Radish Water Needs?

When it comes to watering your radishes, there are several things to keep in mind. Understanding these things can help you to know better your plant watering needs.

Firstly, the climate plays a big role in how much water your radishes need. If you live in a hot and dry climate, your radishes will need 

more water. That is because hot and dry weather causes water to evaporate quickly from the soil, leaving your plants thirsty. As well as, if you live in a cold climate, your plant will need less water as compared to a hot climate.

Secondly, the type of soil you have can also impact your radishes’ water needs. Soil that is high in sand or gravel will drain more quickly, which means you’ll need to water more frequently. Soil that is heavy with clay will hold onto water for longer means you can water less often.

The age of your plants is another aspect to consider. When your radishes are young, they’ll need less water than when they’re fully mature. That is because their roots are still developing and aren’t able to absorb as much water yet.

Last but not least, the time of day you water your radishes can also affect their water needs. Watering in the morning is best because it gives the water time to soak into the soil before the heat of the day evaporates it. If you water in the evening, the moisture can remain on the leaves and promote fungal growth.

Also Read: Why Are My Radishes Growing Above Ground?

Timing of Watering the Radish

When it comes to watering your radishes, the timing of watering is just as important as the amount of water you give them. 

As mentioned earlier, watering in the morning is best because it gives the water time to soak into the soil before the heat of the day evaporates it. 

However, there are other things to consider as well when it comes to the timing of watering your radishes.

Avoid watering your radishes during the hottest part of the day. This is typically between 10 am and 4 pm when the sun is at its strongest. Watering during this time can cause the water to evaporate quickly, and let your radishes thirsty and dehydrated.

Another factor to consider is the stage of growth of your radishes. When your radishes are young, they’ll need less water than when they’re fully mature. As they grow, their water needs will increase, and you’ll need to adjust your watering schedule accordingly to it.

Moreover, avoid watering your radishes from the top. Watering from above can cause the leaves to become wet, which can promote the growth of fungi and other diseases. Instead, use a soaker hose or drip irrigation system to water your radishes directly at the soil level.

Can you Over-water Radishes?

Over-watering your radishes can lead to a variety of problems, including root rot, fungal diseases, and stunted growth. 

When the soil is consistently wet, it can prevent oxygen from reaching the roots, which can cause them to rot.

Fungal diseases can also grow in these conditions, which can lead to yellowing leaves, wilting, and even plant can be dead. Over-watering can cause the roots to become waterlogged, which can stunt the growth of your radishes.

So, how can you tell if you’re overwatering your radishes? One sign is yellowing leaves. If your radish leaves are turning yellow, it could be a sign that they’re getting too much water. 

Other signs of overwatering include wilting, root rot, and a sour or musty smell coming from the soil.

Tips on much Water Radish Need

Here are some tips on how to water your radishes properly to meet their needs –

Check the soil moisture – Before watering your radishes, stick your finger into the soil to check its moisture level. If the soil feels dry to the touch, it’s time to water.

Water deeply – When watering your radishes, make sure to water deeply. That will encourage the roots to grow deeper into the soil, which will help them access nutrients and water more efficiently.

Water in the morning – Water your radishes in the morning, as this is the best time for them to absorb moisture. Watering them in the afternoon or evening can leave the leaves wet overnight, which can promote the growth of fungal diseases.

Avoid overhead watering – Water your radishes at the base of the plant, rather than from overhead. Overhead watering can cause the leaves to become wet and promote the growth of fungal diseases.

Use well-draining soil – Radishes prefer well-draining soil that allows excess water to drain away. Make sure your soil is loose and crumbly.


Watering your radishes properly is essential for their growth and development. By understanding their watering needs and following the tips above, you can surely make your radishes get the right amount of moisture they need to thrive.

Remember to check the soil moisture regularly, water deeply, and water in the morning to help your radishes absorb the moisture efficiently. Also, avoid overhead watering and use well-draining soil to prevent problems like fungal diseases and root rot.

By following these simple tips, you can enjoy healthy and delicious radishes.

How Much Water Does Lettuce Need?

Lettuce is a popular vegetable that can be found in many dishes across various cultures and cuisines worldwide. It is a low-calorie count and contains significant amounts of vital vitamins and minerals. From salads to sandwiches, there are numerous ways to enjoy lettuce.

Like all other plants out there, lettuce needs water to survive and grow. Lettuce needs about 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week, or about 0.15 to 0.25 inches per day, depending on the climate zone and the growth stage of your lettuce.

Water is vital for nutrient absorption, photosynthesis, and maintaining cell structure. Without sufficient water, your lettuce plants can suffer and may even die.

However, it’s vital to get the right balance when it comes to watering your lettuce. Too little water can lead to stunted growth, wilted leaves, and a bitter taste. On the other hand, overwatering can drown the roots, cause root rot, and attract pests and diseases.

How Much Water Does Lettuce Need?

How to grow lettuce

How much water that lettuce requires can vary depending upon several factors, including the stage of growth, Climate conditions, and the specific variety of lettuce that you’re growing. Lettuce plants require regular watering of about 1-2 inches every four to five days.

During hot and dry weather, lettuce plants may require watering once per day to prevent dehydration. During periods of heavy rainfall, you may need to adjust your watering schedule. 

Another factor to consider is the stage of growth of your lettuce plants. Younger plants need less water than more mature ones, as their root systems are not yet fully developed.

Also Read: How to: Growing Lettuce In Raised Beds?

Factors that affect water needs

The water needs of lettuce can depend on various factors. By understanding these factors, you can adjust your watering methods for your lettuce plant. Here are some of the factors that can impact the water needs of your lettuce:

1. Climate – The amount of water that lettuce requires can differ depending on the climate conditions in your area. As lettuce plants grown in hot, dry climates will require more water than those grown in cooler, more humid environments.

2. Soil type – The type of soil that you are using in your lettuce can also impact its water needs. Soils that drain quickly, such as sandy soils, will require more regular watering other than soils that have moisture well, like loamy soils.

3. Stage of growth – As lettuce plants grow and mature, their water needs will change according to it. Young plants will require less water than mature plants, and plants that are producing fruits or seeds will require more water than those that are not.

4. Variety of lettuce – Different types of lettuce have different water needs.

5. Container size – If you are growing lettuce in containers, the size of the container can impact the water needs of your plants. Smaller containers will require more regular watering as compared to larger containers, as they will dry out more quickly.

Also Read: How Much Sunlight Does Lettuce Need to Grow?

How to water lettuce plants?

Watering lettuce plants can be tricky, as they require even moisture without becoming waterlogged. Here are some tips to help you water your lettuce plants correctly –

1. Water consistently – It’s vital to water Lettuce plants regularly as they need consistent moisture to thrive well. A good rule of thumb is to water your plants every four to five days or whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.

2. Water deeply – Be sure to water your lettuce plant deeply so that the water can reach the roots of the plant. This will promote deep root growth, which will help your plants to access nutrients and water more efficiently.

3. Water in the morning – It’s recommended to water your lettuce plants in the morning, as this will give the plant time to absorb the water before the heat of the day sets in. Watering in the evening can lead to excess moisture on the leaves, which can encourage the growth of fungi or bacteria.

4. Avoid overhead watering – It’s not a good idea to water your lettuce plants from above with a sprinkler or hose. This can cause water to collect on the leaves, which can create a breeding ground for harmful bacteria and fungi. Instead, it’s better to water your lettuce plants at the soil level, so that the water goes directly to the roots.

5. Add mulch to your plants – Adding a layer of mulch around your lettuce plants can help to retain moisture in the soil and prevent evaporation.

Also Read: Can You Plant Lettuce and Carrots Together?

Signs of overwatering or under-watering

Over-watering or under-watering your lettuce plants can have a negative impact on their growth and health. Here are some signs to look for – 

1. Over-watering – If you’re watering lettuce plants too much, you can notice on your plant that the leaves are yellowing or wilting, and the soil may be damp or even waterlogged. You may also see mold or mildew growing on the leaves or soil. Over-watering can lead to root rot, which can cause your plants to die.

2. Under-watering – On the other hand, if your lettuce plants aren’t getting enough water, they may appear dry and wilted, and the soil can be dry to the touch. Under-watering can cause your plants to become stressed and stunted.

3. Check the soil – One way to know whether your plants are getting the right amount of water or not is to check the soil moisture. If the soil is dry, it’s a sign that your plants need more water. If the soil is too wet, you may need to reduce the amount of water in your plant.

4. Pay attention to the weather – Another factor to consider is the weather. During hot, dry weather, your plants will likely need more water than during cooler weather. Be sure to adjust your watering schedule accordingly to it.

5. Adjust your watering – If you notice signs of overwatering or under-watering, you can adjust your watering schedule to help your plants recover. If you’re overwatering, try reducing the amount of water you apply or watering less frequently. If you’re under-watering, try increasing the amount of water you apply or watering more frequently.

Also Read: How to Grow Lettuce Microgreens?

Common mistakes to avoid

While watering lettuce may seem like a simple task, there are a few common mistakes that people do.

1. Over-watering is one of the most common mistakes that gardeners make when watering lettuce. As mentioned earlier, overwatering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases that can cause your plants to die. It’s vital to make sure that the soil is moist but not waterlogged.

2. Similarly, under-watering your lettuce plants can cause them to become stressed and stunted. Make sure to water your plants thoroughly and regularly, especially during hot and dry weather.

3. Overhead watering can cause water to collect on the leaves, which can promote the growth of fungi and bacteria. It’s best to water your plants at the soil level to avoid this problem.

4. Inconsistent watering can also cause problems for your lettuce plants. It’s vital to establish a regular watering schedule and stick to it.

5. Using cold water can shock your plants and cause them to become stressed. Make sure to use lukewarm and room-temperature water when watering your lettuce.

6. Watering during the heat of the day can cause the water to evaporate quickly. It’s recommended to water your plants early in the morning or in the evening when the temperatures are cooler.


Watering lettuce plants can be delicate work that needs attention and care. Knowing how much water your plants need and when to water them can make a significant difference in their health and growth.

By following the above tips and taking a mindful approach to water your lettuce, you can enjoy a great harvest of healthy and delicious lettuce greens.

Can You Eat Radishes with Black Spots Inside?

Yes, you eat radishes with black spots inside as long as the radish is not severely affected and has not spoiled. 

If you’re someone who loves radishes in your meals, you may have seen the radish with black spots inside. This can be concerning, and you might be wondering if it’s safe to eat the radish or if you should throw it away.

Black spots in radishes can be caused by a variety of factors, including pests, disease, and environmental conditions. 

While the appearance of black spots may not be ideal, it does not necessarily mean the radish is unsafe for consumption. In fact, if the spots are not too severe, you can easily cut them away and still enjoy the rest of the radish.

What causes black spots in radishes?

Black spots on radishes can be unsightly and concerning, but understanding the causes behind them can help put your mind at ease. 

There are several factors that can contribute to the appearance of black spots on radishes, and it’s important to identify these factors to prevent further occurrences in the future.

The fungus can be a problem in radishes causing black spots. This fungus can thrive in moist environments, such as in soil that has not been properly drained or irrigated. 

When radishes are grown in these conditions, they may become infected leading to the appearance of black spots on the roots.

Another common cause of black spots in radishes is damage from pests, such as flea beetles or root maggots. These insects can cause small wounds on the radish roots, and become infected with bacteria or fungi. 

The resulting black spots may be a sign of this infection, and if left unchecked, can cause the radish to rot and become inedible.

Environmental factors can also play a role in the development of black spots in radishes. If radishes are grown in soil that is too compacted or lacks sufficient nutrients, they may not be able to develop properly. 

This can weaken the radish roots and make them more susceptible to infection and disease, leading to the formation of black spots.

Check this out: Why Are My Radishes Long and Thin?

Are radishes with black spots inside safe to eat?

It’s a common question that many people ask: are radishes with black spots inside safe to eat? The answer is not a simple yes or no, as it depends on the severity and cause of the black spots.

If the black spots are minor and do not cover a large portion of the radish, they can still be safe to eat. Simply cut away the affected area and enjoy the rest of the radish. 

However, if the black spots are widespread or have caused the radish to become mushy or slimy, it is best to discard them.

Moreover, if you’re not sure what caused the black spots, it’s best to be cautious and avoid eating that radish.

To prevent black spots and other issues with radishes, it’s important to properly inspect and store them. Look for radishes that are firm and free of any spots, and store them in a cool, dry place away from moisture. 

Additionally, make sure to wash your radishes thoroughly before eating them to remove any dirt or bacteria.

Also Read: How Long Does Horseradish Take to Grow?

Can radishes with black spots be used for cooking?

If you’ve found radishes in your fridge with black spots, you might be wondering if they can still be used for cooking. The answer is yes, you can by simply cutting the affected area.

Radishes with minor black spots can still be used for cooking. Simply cut away the affected area and use the rest of the radish as you normally would.

However, if the black spots are widespread or have caused the radish to become mushy or slimy, it’s best to discard them. Cooking the radish will not make it any safer to eat if it has gone bad.

What are the Health Benefits of Radishes?

Radishes are not just delicious, but also incredibly nutritious. These root vegetables are a great source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them a healthy addition to your diet. Here are some of the health benefits of radishes –

  • Rich in vitamins – Radishes are a great source of vitamins C and K. 
  • Good for digestion – Radishes are high in fibre, which can help promote healthy digestion and prevent constipation. 
  • Low in calories – If you’re looking to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight, radishes are a great choice. They are low in calories but high in fibre, which can help you feel full and satisfied.
  • Good for the skin – Vitamin C, which is abundant in radishes, is important for skin health. It helps promote the production of collagen, which is essential for maintaining healthy skin.
  • May lower blood pressure – Radishes contain potassium, which is important for maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.

Also Read: Why Are My Radishes Growing Above Ground?

How to store radishes properly?

Radishes are a delicious and nutritious addition to any meal, but they can be tricky to store properly. If you’re not sure how to store your radishes, they can quickly go bad and become inedible. Here are some tips on how to store radishes properly –

Remove the leaves – Radish leaves can suck moisture from the radish, causing it to dry out and become shrivelled. To prevent this from happening, remove the leaves from your radishes as soon as you bring them home.

Keep them dry – Moisture is the enemy of radishes. To keep them fresh, store them in a dry place like a paper bag or a cloth bag. Avoid storing them in plastic bags, as this can trap moisture and cause them to spoil.

Refrigerate – Radishes are best stored in the refrigerator. They prefer cooler temperatures and will last longer in the fridge than at room temperature.

Don’t wash until they’re ready to use – Washing radishes before storing them can cause them to become mouldy or slimy. Wait until you’re ready to use them before washing them thoroughly.

Check for spoilage – Before using your radishes, inspect them for signs of spoilage. Look for black spots, slime, or a foul odour. If you notice any of these signs, it’s best to discard the radish.


Radishes are a great vegetable for your diet. They are not only delicious but also packed with nutrients that can help improve your health in a number of ways. Plus, they’re low in calories, making them a great choice for weight management.

Also, black spots inside in radishes can be edible by cutting them from that affected area. Ensure that the infected area in radishes is not that extreme.

Moreover, when it comes to storing radishes, remember to keep them dry and cool in the fridge, and avoid washing them until you’re ready to use them. By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your radishes stay fresh and tasty for longer.