How to Grow Spinach Hydroponically?

Spinach is not only a leave but it has the source of exceptional nutrients and has many health and beauty benefits. It was regarded as a plant with evident abilities to restore energy, increase liveliness and refine the quality of blood.

It has a rich amount of iron, vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin A, and it is a reliable source of magnesium, manganese, and vitamin B2. Spinach is best vegetable which contains rich amount of vitamin K and it helps to maintain bone health. With these indefinite qualities, spinach is easy to grow at home with more desirable efforts.

The preference of high quality vegetable and fruit to harvest fresh for the part of healthy food is often decided when stepping first into hydroponic gardening.

Delicious, crispy, and high nutritious leafy green just pick off from an indoor garden have the most rewarding aspect by growing your own plant hydroponically without put down any efforts.  Now, we can discuss how to grow spinach hydroponically at home.

Spinach is a existing family member of Chenopodiaceous family, a family of dietary power houses along with plants like chard, beets, and quinoa. Growing spinach hydroponic is easy and there are many immense reasons for it. When you grow hydroponic spinach, you can harvest delicious and nutritious plants from seeds very quickly, over and over again.

Spinach germination

The first step for growing spinach hydroponically is to obtain the spinach seeds to germinate. Before germination soak spinach seeds for 5-10 hours in water to speed the germination process. For instance spinach seeds germination takes place in three stages: soaking up moisture, developing new cells inside the seed, and the visible emergence of the sprout.

Germination of spinach seed occurs between 32 and 65F. it is a cool weather crop so keep away from heating pads when germinating spinach seeds.

For hydroponic garden, it’s better to germinate the seeds without soil such as paper towel germination. In this method it controls the moisture easily, we can know easily when the seeds are germinated, and damp the paper towel retains the seeds cool.

Give 12 hours of light daily for your seeds. Blue light increase the production of chlorophyll and facilitate leafy growth. It is good for spinach.

Within 4 days start to sprout with germinated pre-soaked seeds. If you don’t soak the seeds, you have to wait for 10+ days for germination. If the spinach seedlings are about 2 inches tall then they are ready to transplant into your hydroponic system.

Once the seeds began to germinate, I placed the seeds in a starter soaked in 0.6 EC nutrient solution before they had time to develop most of the root system. My favorite launcher plug-in is called Rapid Rooter. They are particularly useful because they are suitable for hydroponics and ground cultivation.

Also Read: How To Plant Spinach? Here Is Everything You Need To Know

How to germinate spinach seed hydroponically?

For the germination of spinach seeds hydroponically, you have to grow a medium the seeds can start in.

Familiar seed starter plugs are coconut coir, Rockwool, or product like Rapid Rooter from general hydroponics.

While using Rockwool, before planting seeds make sure to balance pH. For this, you need to soak the plugs in 5.5 pH water for 20 seconds. 

Rapid Rooter Plugs need to soak for a few hours before planting seeds. Okay, honestly, I never soaked them for more than a few minutes and always had great results. If you want to give them a 3 hour bath, do it. These plugs are designed to hold a certain amount of water that is ideal for germination. So don’t water them unless they dry out.

  • Put 2-3 spinach seeds in each starter plug and place the plug in a bowl.
  • Cover the starter seed pan with a moisture dome. Moisture helps start the germination process.
  • Once the seeds begin to sprout and develop their first leaves, remove the moisture dome to keep mold and mildew at bay.
  • The first set of real leaves will begin to develop, the seedling is ready to be transferred to your hydroponic system.

Bottom watering with Rock wool

Bottom watering refers to adding water to the seed bowl and not directly above the seed plug. This method will help to reduce the mold growth and keep the seeds healthier. To water your Rockwool starter plugs, simply add water to the bowl that the plugs are in. Just enough water to soak the underside of the plugs. The stoppers suck the water down to the seed.

Growing tips for hydroponically spinach

Use fresh seed

Spinach will take 5 to 15 days to sprout. It’s disappointed to wait nearly three week to have poor germination rates due to old seeds usage. So, use fresh seed for the improvement of better germination rate and it gives better results.

Sow 5 to 6 seeds per hole

For commercial growers each of them has their favorite germination medium. In which medium heavy sowing guarantees at least one strong , healthy seedling per hole.

Cold stratify seeds

Few commercial growers believe that before sowing the spinach seeds place it in a refrigerator for 1 to 3 weeks. They trust that the period of cold stratification produce the healthier plants.

Keep spinach seeds moist

While germination process takes place sowing seeds are allowed to dry out due to poor germination rate.

Don’t use seed heating mats

It is a cool weather crop, in which germination takes place between 5 -25C. In higher temperatures poor germination occurs.

Stagger planting

Sow seeds for every two weeks  to have a fresh spinach to harvest continuously.

Also Read: Why Are My Spinach Leaves Turning Yellow

Control the temperature

As we know it’s a cool weather crop, spinach grow in day light temperature between 15 to 20C  and in night temperature between 12 to 18C. In warmer climatic conditions, causes spinach to bolt which increase in its bitterness.

Don’t over fertilize spinach

Start to feed  spinach seeds when they are transplant into hydroponic system. Commercial growers recommends that start with weaker solution of hydroponic nutrients and increase their strength gradually. Indication for nitrogen level is too high then leaf tip burns.

Reduce fertilizer strength and temperature prior to harvest

The simple trick to produce sweeter taste in spinach is to reduce ambient temperature for few degrees and decrease the strength of hydroponic  nutrients as spinach plants are matured.

While growing hydroponic spinach at home requires more attention than other plants, it is well worth the effort to produce an edible plant from seed to harvest in just five and a half week.

Also Read: Growing Different Types of Beans-Bean varieties

How to Grow Pumpkins in Pots – An Ultimate Guide to Grow Pumpkins in Containers

Growing pumpkins in containers is beneficial, allowing you to have a fresh harvest all year round. Learn how easy to grow them in this article!

 Pumpkins are valued for their taste and decorative appearance. Growing pumpkins in containers is not difficult and does not require a lot of maintenance. It is actually a kind of undemanding vegetable that adapts to any climate!

Growing Pumpkins in Container

You can plant pumpkin seeds or buy seedlings from a nursery. It can be planted from April to the end of May in very cold climates, and until July in slightly warmer climates. If you live in a subtropical climate or without tropical frost, you can grow it for most of the year.

Also Read: Powdery mildew of Pumpkin

Choosing a Pot

Choose a large pot of 10 gallons or at least 16-20 inches (for small pumpkins). For larger varieties, it is better to use a larger pot. Just make sure it has a drain hole at the bottom.

Small varieties of pumpkins are best for containers and small gardening. However, you can also grow a wide variety of pumpkins. Few of the best are listed below:

The First Pumpkin

It is a family heirloom that was originally used to feed cows and is now used as a delicious pumpkin pie.

Lumina Pumpkin

 It is similar to the crescent variety. Lumin has smooth-skinned white pumpkins.

Porcelain Doll

The fruit is unusually pink. The medium-sized pumpkin has bright orange flesh.


At first, your skin is smooth, but as it grows, warts gradually appear.

New Moon

It is one of the largest varieties and has thick white flesh. The crescent moon is named for its fair skin.

Prize winner

This diversity is very large. The winner can make a large pumpkin that usually weighs between 75 and 150 pounds.

Baby Boo

Baby Boo is ghostly white, named “Baby” because of its small size. It grows to 2-3 inches.

Sugar Pie

This strain is as cute as its name and much smaller. Used for baking cakes, biscuits and pies.


The midsole round pumpkin is a great choice for carving.


This small variety of squash can only grow to 3-4 inches tall, and it takes about 80-90 days to mature. You can plant rows to get a bright and rich harvest.

Also Read: Pumpkin farming: how to plant, grow, and harvest pumpkins correctly and properly

Pumpkin care


Once your plant grows to a few inches, do mulching. It reduces water evaporation and helps maintain moisture in the soil.


 Pumpkin plants are rich in nutrients and require a lot of fertilization. Most importantly, it is important to have fertile soil so that the pumpkin can become bigger and fleshier. It is best to use balanced fertilizer in the early stage of growth.

It is a good idea to switch to low-nitrogen, high-potassium, and high-phosphorus fertilizers, such as water-soluble fertilizer for every two weeks (when the plants are long enough to bloom).

#3.Pests and Diseases

Pumpkin is a hardy plant, but it still suffers from many diseases, especially powdery mildew. Try to keep the leaves dry to prevent diseases.

For pests, look out for common garden pests such as aphids, fleas, mealy bugs, cucumbers and worms. Use organic insecticides such as neem oil to treat them. If the pests increase, try using commercial insecticides.

Pumpkins can be harvested 90-120 days after planting (depending on the variety and growing conditions).

 Immature and green pumpkins are also used in gourmet recipes and many exotic dishes.

 But to pick mature pumpkins, check if they harden into a deep and uniform colour (most common varieties are orange). When the peel hardens and looks empty, it’s time to reap the benefits. The bark must also withstand the pressure from the nails. There should be an interval of approximately 100 days between the sowing of the vegetable pulp and the fully mature harvest.

 To pick a pumpkin, use scissors or a sharp knife to carefully remove it from the branch. However, do not cut too close to the fruit; leave long stems (about 10 cm) to extend the shelf life. Store pumpkins in a dry, cool and dark place.

Also Read: Planting and Growing Okra Step by Step

Create an organic pumpkin container garden and maximize your harvest

  • Sowing pumpkins in spring when the danger of frost has passed and the soil temperature reaches 65°F.
  • It is best to grow pumpkins with seeds, but you can use seedlings grown in biodegradable pots to reduce exposure.
  • For growing pumpkins require a huge container, usually at least 20-25 gallons, to hold pumpkin plants.
  • Your pumpkin plant needs a support system to help the vine grow.
  • Pumpkin is a good fodder crop, so add enough compost to the soil before planting. Then plan to fertilize frequently during the growing season.
  • Depending on the selected pumpkin variety, it may take 90-120 frost-free days for the pumpkin to fully mature.

Your pumpkin plants will grow happily in their pots, but now you need them to be happy. Here, we explain how to take care of pumpkin plants growing in pots.

11 Simple Ways to Improve Garden Soil and Boost the Yield

Excavation and fork over the soil allow you to loosen any condensation, eliminating weeds plus debris as well as giving the absolute possibility to add organic matter.

All plants require healthy soil conditions if they provide great outcomes. Enhancing soil with a lot of organic elements in the form of manure benefits in drainage plus aeration on damp soils and maintains the moisture required for light ones.

Benefits of Improving the Garden soil

You must be questioning why it is necessary to have good soil for the garden? The reason for soil condition is that good soil can store plus processes more water.

Bad health, wasted soil, will not prevent water, and this will make it difficult for your plants to grow and persevere.

  • The key to best, high-quality soil is a lot of natural organic material, the things produced by living organisms. Take care of one thing that soil is a living plus dynamic ecosystem in itself.
  • This ecosystem hosts areas within soil particles that permit the way or maintenance of water and nutrient.
  • For instance, fine soil particles, like as those found in clays, and keep water much more efficiently than bigger particles in sand. The quantity of water appears in your soil has substantial outcomes for your garden.

Not only has this whole influenced the health of your plants and the volume of water you use in irrigation. Though it will help stabilise the surface temperature of the soil plus manage the heat of the soil, which in turn influences the germination and flowering action.

  • Organic matter is the core of water maintenance plus soil health. Organic component can be anything, including carbon compounds. This is the things made by living organisms.
  • Organic materials can be from garden clippings, leave to stems plus branches, moss, algae, lichen, compost, kitchen scraps, sawdust, worms and microorganisms.
  • While native vegetation adjusts to its soil, greatest of the garden crops prefer organic matter and a solid horticultural soil in a half-porous location and with a neutral or somewhat acidic pH.

This type of soil keeps water without water logging. It is further let air into the garden soil so that roots and soil organisms can flourish.

11 Simple Ways to Improve Garden Soil and Boost the Yield

1. Compost

You can make compost with organic matter. You can use kitchen scraps and other many household things to make your compost.

Once these items broke down, they are an excellent enhancement to your garden. They better fix the soil collectively in an aerated form.

Depending on your soil requirements, you must add about 3-4 inches in your first year. Add two inches of compost per year to your garden or lawn each year.

2. Mulch

The mulch is another excellent addition to your garden soil. It must be added throughout the rest of your plants while planting.

After applying the mulch to the plant base, it will benefit retain any dampness that is used in the plant through rain or watering it by hands. It further helps to hold the soil throughout the plant cool, which is excellent for both for your plant and soil.

3. Covering crops help

When winter comes, we prune the garden. The ground is left empty and exposed, often meaning that nutrients have been stripped from the soil as there is no protection left.

If this is a matter of concern for you, and you see a disadvantageous impact in your soil to the following spring, then you must think of planting a cover crop.

Cover crops are plants like as wheat that come in coarse or dispersal plus cover the ground in which way we have planted them. Through covering the soil, they defend it from the components.

4. Worms can help your soil

You can buy worms or pick them up yourself. You can add them straight to your garden or add them to your compost as well. In both ways, they will help your garden.

Worms are an excellent addition to your garden soil as they can change what you can into your soil into useful products that soil requires vitamins, minerals, plus nutrients.

Also, they help in rotating the garden soil. Their excrement is a natural soil binder.

5. Keep away from your soil

Though you are gardening in a raised bed or a small area, make sure you do not step on the soil of your garden. Which signifies that your garden has a walkway between rows, or you need to make sure that you can easily reach your raised bed.

By avoiding walking on your garden soil, you help maintain the soil aerated. The weight of our feet compresses the air plus removes the aerated advantages that benefit plants.

6. Your garden soil can’t work when it wet

Wanting to work in your garden, as soon as a thunderstorm moves, it attracts. The point is, you should not work on your soil when it is thoroughly wet. The purpose is that when you work in wet soil, you expel air from it, which has the opposite effect.

You will know by taking a ball of soil in your hand and squeezing it the soil is too wet to work. If water comes out of it, you must wait some days to a week to examine it again.

7. Collect the rainwater

Rainwater is the most suitable choice for watering vegetables. Rainwater is softer, has more limited contaminants, and is at a pH that is favored by most of the plants, leading to better all-round growth.

Therefore if you are yet using treated water for irrigation of your crops, then now it is the time to install barrels of excess water and collect as much rainwater as possible. You can use the connector kit to join multiple barrels simultaneously.

8. Check the nitrogen scale

When you add most of the vitamins, nutrients plus minerals to the garden soil, they stick throughout. Nitrogen is the one that seems simplest from the garden soil.

You can examine your garden soil to find out what it lacks, or you can also wait till you grow something in your garden. Usually, you will notice that green plants are not as green as required as they have a shortage of nitrogen.

9. Space your plants in a right way

If you plant your crops too close then, your crops will fail to grow correctly and be likely to disease. But with the correct spacing, you can overcome this situation.

Garden Planner shows you how many plants can be grown in your available area. Best soil can help you push limits by growing vegetables a little closer than suggested. Square foot gardening takes it to the ultimate, with plants spun five times closer. 

10. Companion planting

Some plants are commonly useful. When grown together, they can help boost up the total productivity. Companion planting takes various methods.

As per instance, tall corn can be used as a support for growing legumes, while lettuce grown in between carrots or onions helps to destroy weeds, whereas these slow-growing crops establish. The garden planner also takes care of companion planting.

11. Defensive pest control

Take a defensive action to prevent pests in their tracks. For instance, constraints on susceptible plants should reduce a nuisance population by protecting them from flying pests, or by eliminating hiding areas in growing areas or surrounding areas, or also in long grasses.

How to Grow Corns in Containers?

You will be glad to know that corn can be grown in pots!

Many people do not think about using containers for growing corn and yields will be lower than when growing corn in the garden. With the right containers and good conditions, you can get the highest yield possible by planting corn in your garden beds.

 In fact, all you need is a spot with plenty of sunshine, little wind, and the ability to keep the soil moist.

Corn is a warm-weather crop, so it is best to plant seeds for the past two to three weeks after the last frost. When growing potted corn, you will need a container that is at least 12 inches deep in diameter. 

Each container box holds four corn plants. Corn eats a lot, so compost or fertilizer should be added to the soil before planting. Fertilizers should also be used during the growing season. Moist the soil regularly by watering.

 Don’t even think about growing corn in a pot, but despite the difficulties, it’s worth a try. This can be a fun experiment for your family as you watch the corn grow. Plus, homegrown sweet corn tastes great. For your potted garden, we’ve put together a simple guide that walks you through the steps.

How to start growing in the container?

Growing corn is a hobby for adults and children. Children love to watch the trees grow; Hiding in a corn tree is always a fun game for kids. 

If your family wants to try growing corn stalks in their garden this year, this is what you need to do. 

Choosing a potted corn variety 

So many people I don’t know, there are different varieties of corn. Not all corn is a table and salted.

Corn varies in some places may be different. There are significant differences in grain maturity, internal structure, texture, smoothness, and aroma. Think about the different types of corn you can grow. 

Sweet corn

If you need fresh corn for dinner, then sweet corn is the way to go. It is soft and mellow, the perfect accompaniment. Sweet corn is usually yellow in color but comes in a variety of colors, such as brown and red.


Yes, you can grow popcorn like the one you eat when you watch a movie with your friends. These seeds are hard and crunchy. 

The popcorn you recognize from the shop is yellow-orange. However, the popcorn you may develop at home may also be blue!

Flint Corn 

This type of corn has a hard glass surface, a sticky popcorn-like texture that appears when heated, but is used primarily as corn tortillas.

Flour corn

 In the south-western United States. Corn flour is starchy, but corn flour is soft and can be made into finer corn flour. It’s also sweet, and if steamed or baked, you can eat it without a core. 

Dent corn

This type of corn, known as field corn, is grown by many farmers because it is commonly used as animal feed and food. It is the most commonly grown corn in the United States. 

The mashed corn will dry out and the soft heart will shrink. This is why the beads look wrinkled, hence the name. You can use mashed corn to make cornmeal or dry it to make corn.

Right pot for container

You can grow four corn plants in a container this size, so you may need multiple containers depending on how many corn plants you want to grow and the container size you choose.

The one you choose has enough drainage holes at the bottom. Corn needs moisture, but these plants don’t like standing water. So drainage holes are essential. If your pot does not have a drainage hole, you can drill it with a drill.

Suitable location for your container

Corn is a warm-weather crop and requires a lot of sunlight to grow well. Find a place with six to eight hours of sunshine every day. The plant acts as a wall of privacy because the corns cobs grow quickly even in a pot.

If you plant corn in May, you can expect it to become a curtain in the middle of summer. While container-grown corn will never grow 12-15 feet taller than garden-grown corn, it can easily grow up to 6-8 feet.

Also Read: How to Grow Tamarind Tree?

Prepare your soil for planting

Now it’s time to prepare the soil for sowing corn seeds. Corn needs soil to retain moisture.

Do not dry out too quickly, and the soil must be well-drained so that the soil does not get soggy, one of the best options is to make a pot of peat.

Fertilize rotting chicken droppings or some fish dung into the soil before planting. This helps to add essential nutrients to the corn during the first few weeks of growth.

It is important to understand that corn feeds a lot. According to farmers, corn can destroy the soil if not replenished because it consumes a lot of nutrients.

Planting Corn Seeds in a Pot

Now it’s time to plant corn seeds in your bucket of choice. Too easy!

Six corn kernels per pot. Each seed should be sown 1 inch deep and lightly covered with soil.

 Don’t worry if you are planting your corn very close to the substrate because sowing closer to the seed will help pollinate and produce more fruit. That’s better!

 You must sow each seed six inches apart along the outer circle of the pot. The seeds should be three to four inches from the edge of the container.

After planting, it is imperative to water the seeds. The sun will do the rest of the work for you. Corn seeds germinate for 10-14 days, in cooler weather conditions, 55-60 ℉. At 65 ℉ and above, it may take as little as six days to germinate.

Caring For the Corn Growing In Containers

After planting, it’s time to tackle the corn. It’s easy but remembers that growing corn in a container can be tricky. You will need to notify your plants.

1. Water your corn

 Corn plants need a lot of moisture. You should water the plants every other day and keep the soil moist at all times.

 Moisture is one of the essential ingredients for tasty, sweet, and smooth corn, so this is one of the reasons why water is so essential. Especially during flowering and fruiting, the more you need to water the corn pot. 

2. Use fertilizers

Ten weeks after sowing the corn, it should be fertilized. Try using ½ tablespoon of 5-10-10 or 10-20-20 fertilizers per plant. It is best to dig a small hole at the base of the tree and spread the manure, mixing it well with the soil. 

3. Don’t forget to mulch

Even though corn grows in a barrel, adding mulch around the corn isn’t a bad idea either. The coating helps to retain moisture. 

Wood chips, newspapers, and grass clippings are great ways to prevent soil moisture loss. Mulch also helps reduce weed growth; nobody likes weeds!

Common pests and diseases affecting corn

In general, corn is considered resistant to crop pests, but this does not mean that this is not impossible – diseases and pests are always possible, so take a look, understand the common problems your crops are facing 

Corn leaves aphids 

Aphids can be a problem for many different crops severe infections can cause warping and stunted corn cobs. Plants you may have black mold in your home Corn beetle 

This beetle is active in the spring. They start out by killing weeds in the area and then move on to corn plants as they begin to grow. You will know you are infested with corn fleas if there are small holes in the leaves for blood circulation. 

This pest can affect almost any plant in your garden, not just corn. Scoops usually damage the tops of the plants, but in some cases, the worms can eat the tops.

Also Read: What is Mango Farming all about? A complete guide


Picking corn in a pot is essentially the same as harvesting corn in a garden. Most ripen in 60-100 days, depending on the cultivated variety and weather conditions. You should be aware that your containerized corn crop may not be what you expect. This is why grow a variety of container-friendly corn varieties and pay as much attention to the yield as possible.

Planting four branches in each cage and keeping them together for the best possible pollination will ensure the best yield.

Early in the morning when the sweetness is at its highest. 

When you’re ready to pick up the corn, take the ear and pull it down. Then twist and pull. He will quickly crawl out of the trunk. 

You can harvest as much corn as you can eat in a few days.

How to Prune Mint to Keep it Healthy?

Mint is a one of the best plant with many uses. If you are not planted properly it can grow easily. Here we are going to learn about to take care of your mint plant which saves you a lot of times and headache in future.

1. Pruning a large harvest of mint

After flowering  one third of prune mint back

Pruning can really encourage growth. This is not a negative thing to do with your mint plant. if you don’t like to shear to use them you can prune mint through your fingertips. Its take more time but it  is quite effective. With the help of your fingertips cut off about one third of length of the stem. Small amount mint should be pruned at indoor use fingertip is easier than scissor or a sharp knife.        

Shape your mint plant

Consider what shape you like to your plants to be trimmed. You want to shape your mint plant in the direction that grow, which confines the pot without getting out of control. It can grow fast in various directions, trim your plant in a shape which is comfortable or compatible with the pot.

Shape the plant it doesn’t have excess leaves and shoots pour over the plant.

Must focus on trimming over the plants. Ensure that plant is not sprawling around the side of the pot.

Also Read: Things you should know How to Grow Mint

Store your mint for future use

After a big harvest store mint properly for usage in future is really important. There are various methods to store mint for future purpose in that the most famous method is drying mint. For this dry mint various techniques are used such as hanging it to air-dry, dehydrating and baking it on the oven.

Mint can be freeze. Pick your mint leaves and remove damaged leaves. Pat it dry with a cotton cloth. Cut off the mint leaves and withdraw stems. Place few amount of leaves in the  various compartments of ice tray, fill with water and place them in freezer. If cubes are frozen keep them in container or bag and then leave in the freezer.  

Harvest a fresh mint throughout year

Avert harvest plants are not growing good due to bad and cold weather conditions.

2. Trimming a small amount of mint

Regularly trim your mint plant

Mint is grown up now it begins to bloom (after 90 days), after it grows 3 to 4 inches tall. Trim it regular basis with that the plant should be healthy and strong. You can also use fresh mint after a mint harvest.

Make certain to trim your mint cautiously on every occasion it wishes to be reducing back. Remember to trim the mint so it grows with inside the difficult form of the pot you are the use of. If you are trimming mint outside, make certain to trim mint so mint plant life does now no longer overgrow your garden.

While you could use shears to prune mint, small plant life can effortlessly be pruned simply the use of your fingers.

Use mint for cooking

In most of recipes mint must be used to add a stronger mint flavor. Try to use fresh mint instead of dry mint. For beverages like lemonade or mojitos the mint leaves should be add for flavor purposes.

Turn small harvest into new mint plant

For more mint plant, with help of trimming you can create a new mint plant from the existing plant. Cut off the 5 inches stem from existing mint plant and placed in a pot which is filled with potting soil. The stem will develop into its own plant with sunshine and water.

Fill the pot with the mixture of large amount of compost with potting soil and take the stem which is cut from its original mint plant and place it into the soil.

In a glass of water you can place the stem cutting, remove all leaves that are below the water line. Evenly roots will starts to grow in the water.

3. Growing mint

Plant your mint in a pot

Mint plant is a best to plant in a pot because it has fast growing root system. If you plant in a garden without container it will fastly spread all over the garden.

If you want to plant inside, take a pot fill the garden soil in it and then plant your mint in it. Keep this pot at the window where the sunlight gets throughout the day. Towards the heat source don’t place it.

If you plant outside then dig a 5 inches hole in the ground and place the container inside the hole and place mint inside the container and covered with dirt on top of it. Then the roots of mint plant will spread entire the garden.   

Select right time to plant

 If you are planting at outdoors then the correct time to plant the mint in the spring, if you are experiencing the climate as winter. In frost free climate, it will plant in mid fall.

Water your mint plant often

    Mint plant can be grow in different soils, but it fail to grow in dry environments. It will grow in moist soil. So ensure to water the mint frequently in required condition.

    Also Read: 7 Houseplants that Reduce Dust and Particulate Matter

    Plant your mint properly

    While planting the mint it should be placed under the ground of about 1/4 inches from the surface of ground. If you are planting single seed, plant in the pot and place the pot to expose sunlight on it. If you are planting in the garden then plant each seed about 2 feet distance among them. Ensure that each seed will be in its own container.

    Do not use the container or pot with damages or cracks because mint is a fast growing root so it spread over the entire garden from the damages and cracks of the pot or container.

    And do not place near the heat source or near the furnace, mint can dry out.

    9 Inventive Ways to Use Coffee Grounds in Your Garden

    Most people probably enjoy a fresh cup of coffee every day. But what are doing after the preparation of coffee are you throwing them into the trash, you’re wasting money. There are few ways in which you can reuse the coffee grounds in the garden around the house.

    Plants, soil, or even worms love Coffee grounds -different methods to apply for the usage of coffee grounds on your gardening.

    Coffee grounds have many advantages in your garden, so when you have coffee grounds at home, or can take out them up from your neighborhood cafe for gardening.

    The best tips for coffee grounds usage from your favorite cup. Here’s a way to use them in your garden.

    How to Use Coffee Grounds in the Garden?

    1. Coffee grounds are used to eliminate bad odors

    The coffee grounds will contain nitrogen that will absorb the bad odors. The Brooklyn-based coffee company recommends inserting coffee grounds in an open container inside a cupboard or freezer or anywhere else that smells funky to neutralize the odors.

    When nitrogen combines with carbon it removes the sulfur content from the air. Instead of using them in other ways if you toss your ground, it will neutralize your garbage. 

    2. Fertilize your garden with the coffee ground

    Coffee grounds are rich in crucial minerals such as chromium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, nitrogen, iron, and magnesium which are needed for plant growth.

    Sprinkling coffee ground minerals into your garden soil will make wonders for your crop. It will absorb heavy metals from soil and also attracts worms which are beneficial for your garden.

    Also Read: How To Grow Cilantro

    3. Deter cats from your garden

    Take used coffee grounds with chopped orange peels mix them well and sprinkle the mixture generally around the garden and flowerbeds. The smell of citrus and coffee grounds will help to deter the cats around the neighborhood which are used as a private litter box.

    coffee grounds for garden

    4. Composting

    The basic and crucial way to reuse the nutrients in your garden with the help of compost coffee grounds later on. There is a tad acidic and as they humiliate they release nitrogen which makes for particularly rich compost. Due to this unnecessary material won’t be allowed to add to landfills.

    5. Change soil pH

    If you want to get your garden soil to become acidified. Just you need reached coffee grounds, you have to dig your garden soil for 7 to 8 inches and sprinkle the coffee grounds inside the soil. Later you will observe the acidity of your garden soil will begin to rise naturally.

    Also Read: How to Grow Sweet Potatoes?

    6. Repulse snake and slugs

    Snails and slugs are familiar garden pests, commonly targeting plants such as kale, broccoli, and lettuce in their desirous journey. Around the garden sprinkle the coffee grounds to make them away from plants. They escape from those areas where coffee grounds will be sprinkled or found.

    7. Mulch

    With the help of wood chips or sawdust, you can prepare your mulch in addition to coffee grounds. The mulch does not dry because the coffee ground will regulate the moisture content in it and also helps to keeping it oxygenated, maximizing usage.

    8. Foliar spray and fungus prevention

    Soak coffee ground in water and make the mixture of soak coffee ground in water spray over the plants, including the underside of the leaves.

    It will boost the strength of your plants with the help of nutrients produced by the help of coffee grounds in water. It will also be known to keep your plants healthy and strong with the prevention of fungus infection. 

    9. Suppress weeds

    Fresh coffee grounds are considered to have a few allelopathic properties. Therefore, you’ll be able to use them to suppress weeds and diverse fungal pathogens, too.

    Importance of Farming in Our Daily Life

    Agriculture has been engaged in the making of essential food crops for decades. Agricultural production above and beyond farming currently covers forestry, milk, fruit farming, poultry, beekeeping, mushrooms, arbitrary agriculture, etc.

    Currently, crop processing, marketing, and distribution and livestock products are all recognized as part of existing agriculture. Agriculture may also be referred to as agricultural product growth, processing, promotion, and distribution. In the whole life of a given economy, agriculture plays a critical role.

    Agriculture is the foundation of a given country’s economic structure. Agriculture also provides a significant percentage of the population with job opportunities as well as food and raw materials.

    So, we need to look at some of the contributions made by the agriculture sector across the globe. The following are the factors behind the importance of agriculture.

    Importance of farming in our life: Livelihood

    importance of farming in life

    Farming is the primary source of livelihood for most people. Around 1billion people globally derive their livelihood from agriculture in some way or the other. This high percentage of agriculture is the product of the lack of growth of non – farm sectors to absorb the rapidly increasing population.

    Besides, many people in developing countries are not engaged in agriculture. To contrast,  agribusiness among rich and developing nations differ:

    In the Republic of the Congo, 69% of individuals work in farming; in the US, just 1% work in this segment.

    Importance of farming in our life: Raw Material

    Agriculture is the principal source of raw materials for major industries like cotton and jute, sugar, tobacco, edible and non-edible oils. Also, several other sectors, such as fruit processing and veggies and rice husking, are primarily provided by agriculture.

    Importance of farming in our life: Food and fodder

    The farming sector supplies domestic animals with fodder. The cow gives people milk that is protective food. Besides, livestock also fulfills human nutritional needs.

    Importance of farming in our life: International trade

    The agricultural products like tea, rice, spices, tobacco, coffee, etc. are major exporting items of agricultural-related countries.

    If agriculture develops smoothly, imported goods are reduced while export increases considerably. This leads to lowering the unfavorable balance of payments in countries and saving foreign exchange.

    It can be used well to purchase other essential inputs, machinery, raw materials, and other infrastructure that supports the country’s economic development.

    Importance of farming in our life: Marketable Surplus

    Agricultural sector growth contributes to marketable surpluses. Many individuals are interested in manufacturing, mining, and other non-agricultural industries as the nation evolves.

    These individuals rely on food produced by the marketable surplus of the nation. With the development of the agricultural sector, demand rises, leading to a rise in marketable surpluses. This can be exported to other countries.

    Importance of farming in our life: Transportation

    The bulk of agricultural products is transported from farms to factories via railways and roads. Internal trade is mainly dependent on agriculture. Also, the government ‘s revenue relies heavily on the accomplishment of the agricultural sector.

    Contribution to the economy

    For most developing countries, agriculture is the primary source of national income. However, the agricultural sector’s contribution is a smaller percentage of their federal revenues to developed countries such as the USA.

    Foreign exchange

    The export trade of the nation mainly depends on the agricultural sector. Farm commodities, for instance, such as silk, tobacco, seasonings, oils, cotton production, coffee, and tea, account for about 18% of the entire value of a country ‘s exports.

    This shows that agricultural products remain a significant source of income for the foreign exchange of a nation.


    Building irrigation systems, drainage systems, and other such operations in the agriculture sector are necessary because they offer more opportunities for jobs.

    The agriculture industry provides the workforce with more job opportunities. This, in turn, reduces the high unemployment rate caused by the rapidly growing population in developing countries.


    As agriculture employs many people, it helps to develop the economy. As a result, the amount of national income, and the quality of living of people is increased.

    The rapid pace of development in agriculture provides both progressive prospects and intrinsic confidence for the event.

    It, therefore, helps to create a healthy environment for a country’s overall economic growth. Economic development, therefore, depends on the rate of agricultural growth.

    Food security

    A stabilized farming sector ensures food security for a nation. Every country’s main requirement is food security. Food safety prevents food shortages that have historically been regarded as one of the significant problems of developing countries. Most countries depend on their crucial source of income for agricultural products and related industries.


    Agriculture not only provides food, employment, and leads to development but also does it help to obtain life-saving medicines.

    For example, the papain enzyme is extracted from the papaya fruit. This papain is used as an organic enzyme. This is used to substitute indigestion with one of the proteolytic juices. Particularly helpful for the sick and the elderly. This papain is obtained by large-scale cultivation of papaya. Most alkaloids are used as medicine.

    Opium alkaloids like morphine often relieve extreme pain, cough, and lose balance. These are obtained by growing opium poppy crops in farms.

    Protection of bees

    Were you aware that 2018 was the 14th straight year for the honey production of North Dakota in which it ranked first?

    The State has almost 500,000 bee colonies and in 2017 generated 33 million pounds of honey. With so many bees sheltered for growth, beekeepers help protect people’s lives. In Montana, ranchers and farmers even provide 75% of the State’s wildlife with a critical winter habitat.

    Agriculture for profit

    Agriculture is the biggest fabric material source. This fabric type is cotton. Often used to make jeans, bedding stuff, etc. Jute and other fabrics are also used to make gunny bags.Chemical filament fabrics are used to produce garments.

    Agricultural fiber meets broad clothing demand. Therefore, they are safe for use and nature-friendly disposal. Farm animals, including sheep and cattle, are useful. Sheep ‘s hair is wool that produces sweatshirts and winter clothing.

    While livestock skin is used to produce leather to produce belts, wallets, etc. Silk is another industry where silkworms or insects are raised to collect silk. This silk yields fine and costly fabric.

    Woman Empowerment

    More than a hundred thousand farms are headed by women, 30% of all the farmlands. Not only is this creating the small business values of America, but it also creates powerful people running such companies.

    Improvement of communities

    Another promising trend is the increasing growth of farmers ‘ markets. Farmers’ markets allow smallholders to communicate effectively with consumers. The food supply is domestically produced throughout the local community, reducing the need for long-distance travel.

    The opportunity to buy locally grown food is invaluable as demand rises. Consumers benefit from healthier food options, and farmers have a new chance to buy their crops.

    Consumers and their children will hear first-hand about goods from producers and how they are born. Farmers interact and improve their communities.


    Therefore, the role of farmers and agriculture in the development of the world cannot be ignored. The contribution of farmers in our daily lives, from food to clothes, cannot be denied. All these points prove the importance of farming in our daily lives.

    However, it is another matter that developing countries will have to create many facilities to strengthen the region. Yet farming and gardening is a significant source of life in such countries.

    Shrimp Farming 101 – The Art of Shrimp Cultivation, Culture & Harvesting

    Curious to know about Shrimp Farming?

    First of all, let’s understand the term. Shrimp means Prawns. So, shrimp farming is a marine farming culture where prawns are produced for public utilization.

    The evolution of shrimp farming began in the early 70’s, gradually made its roots to meet the rapidly increasing demand of Japan, Europe, and the United Nations. Then spread its wing all over the world.

    Now emerged as a flourishing opportunity to grow heaps and bound. But at the same time, a lot of norms have been set due to concurrent pressure from NGO’s. Altogether it is a profitable business option.

    How to start shrimp farming?

    Here we will provide a complete shrimp farming guide to you. With, the trending requirement for shrimp, in today’s era shrimp farming is on the boom. It allures the new business entrants to get into this because of its high profitability.

     With gaining fame in the food industry shrimp rearing is at it’s peak these days. Apart, from fish and duck culture, shrimp culture is crazily rising because of the market demand. 

    To start with you should possess a pond. If you don’t have one no need to get disheartened. It can be acquired on lease. The pond should be of at least 1500 square feet area having a depth of 5 feet. Now let’s go through shrimp farming guide, to get a clear picture of it.

    Brief about pond culture

    As we know the shrimp farming culture is very old, but still, after so much development, the traditional and old practices are having a stronghold in shrimp rearing. Apart from low monetary investment, they are splendid money catching source.

    To increase the production a few practices, need to be incorporated like fixing the pond size, expanding stock quantity, elation, etc. These simple tricks can act as a cherry on the cake.

    Essentials for the site:

    The basic element for a perfect startup is an adequate size place for raising shrimps. So, the location has to be a perfect one with an abundant water supply. Always keep in mind, commutation from your farm to the market area should be lesser. 

    This helps to save on transportation costs, plus the stock reaches the market in no time. One more thing also check if the place has a good road network as it is the economical way to reach out.

    Selection of Breed

    To compete, you need to be among the smartest of the smarter. While selecting a breed for shrimp farming, you just need to keep it simple. A rapidly growing fry is easy to maintain with fewer effort. Grow faster and ready to sell. This will surely, yield more profits.

    Methods of Shrimp Farming

    Traditional Method:

    In this style of farming, the pond is erratic and uneven. Size is generally, 10-20 m in width, and depth is 30-60 cm. It is the eldest and simple practice adopted for shrimp rearing culture. Mainly it has a dependency on the season. Shrimps in these ponds find their way through water exchange or fry collected by the farmers.

    Improved Traditional Method:

    The contour of the pond is fixed to a rectangular shape. There are separate inlets and outlets for the water, pond exchange and to facilitate harvesting. There is a provision of a diagonal pitch to allow easy water drainage and shrimp collection. Surely this method is better than the typical traditional method and results in high yield also.

    The Intensive Culture Method:

    Among all this is the most trending and better technique to be adopted, resulting in huge monetary and technical gains. Concrete tanks are used, totally rely on the bred fry. The drainage system is more sophisticated with high water management. This is a modern applied technique for greater and consistent yield.

    Preparing the pond for shrimp farming

    For raising shrimp, the soil beneath the pond is a deciding factor. Like higher the organic content in the soil, the higher would be the production. Yield is directly proportional to the soil content which serves as food for the organisms. So, it is the base step for a better productivity rate. The following steps is a part of this process:


    Before starting an analysis of the soil is to be made. For this small soil samples are collected from the pond and their PH value is evaluated. The acidic soil needs to be corrected to promote shrimp farming.

    It is not a valid process for finely built ponds. Wet soil samples are collected for a better analysis. Or it can be simply done by the use of a PH meter detector by the farming himself.


    It is the cleaning of the pond bottom by wiping out the acidic water to remove all the unwanted elements including metallic elements present in the acidic water, highly injurious for shrimps. 

    Drying the pond:

    The process of drying is adopted to get rid of the water minerals if left after leaching. This promotes organic life. After a few corrective measures should be adopted like pond leveling, repairing the gates, bottom trench, installing proper substrates.


    Ploughing facilitates the unveiling of soil components lying deep inside. The soil gets a chance to breathe and a new layer of soil gets formed ensuring better productivity in the future

    Keeping a check on unfriendly species:

    A lot of competition lies in marine life as well. Crabs, snakes, finfishes and other marine creatures can cause a threat to shrimp farming. It is highly recommended to curb them through various corrective measures

    Must Read: Tilapia Fish Farming Information And A Complete A to Z Guide


    To nullify the acidic effect of the soil, Calcium and, Magnesium compounds are induced in the soil during the drying phase.


    This is a basic procedure to increase shrimp productivity by adding some sort of fertilizers to the soil, both organic and inorganic.

    Supply of shrimp:

    The main source of shrimp is from the wild. Though can be transported through hatcheries too. Either they are obtained through trapping from the ponds or by fry grounds. 

    For collection through wild: fry lure, scissor nets, fry traps are used. The hatchery is a bigger and major source to extract shrimps. As they are available at any point of time throughout the year.

    To translocate shrimps, plastic bags, fiber glass or canvas tanks are used. The only thing to be kept in mind while relocating is the water temperature should be low by placing some ice in these containers.  

    Types of shrimp farming

    Bio floc Shrimp Farming:

    It is aimed at restricting the outbreak of bacterial infection during rearing. It is eco-friendly as it aims at maintaining a balance between carbon and nitrogen in the water throughout the process.

    Freshwater Shrimp Farming:

    To hold freshwater shrimps we need solid tanks, earthen ponds, or cages. They are extracted from nurseries or freshwater and made to rest in open water. It is a lengthy and time-consuming process.


    The profitability of the shrimp rearing is reflected through the high production, less investment of money, high profits earned, and the market price. This in turn is proportional to some factors narrated below:

    Fry nursing:

    The core cause behind shrimp fatality is mal handling. During translocating them you should be a bit careful. To avoid such a situation the baby fry is initially stocked in nurseries for about a month and then shifted to respective ponds. Let’s understand this.

    The nursing of fry can be executed in concrete tanks. These tanks are repleted with fresh and clean seawater, induced with certain minerals to keep up the water quality. It is generally, beneficial to use plastic netting to widen the area a bit as the tiny larvae are in a habit to cling to the corner and bottom tank area.

    When nursing through ponds, a fine transparent sheet or screen has to be placed to curb the entry of other organisms fatal for the larva. A net cage can also be used to stock fry, which keeps on floating in the water because of the wooden frame as a base.

    Also Read: Biofloc Fish Farming – A Complete Guide

    What do shrimp eat?

    The market is flooded with a lot of nutritious food for shrimps, a bit expensive. This is the reason the small farmers could not afford them. But this is no more a reason to worry.

    A protein-rich diet can be prepared at home by using cow dung with some almonds and corn added to it. This can be given thrice a day to the shrimps. Therefore, what do shrimps eat is not a big issue anymore.

    Disease and Cure

    Some of the diseases that are a threat to shrimps are White Spot Syndrome Virus, Yellowhead Disease Virus, Taura Syndrome Virus, Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus, and Vibrio Harveyi. Perfect water quality should be maintained to avoid these types of diseases.


    Market demand and price are also deciding factors for harvesting apart from shrimp condition. A cast net is used to trap fry according to their weight, shape, and size. This is a must to note that at the time of harvest, the shell size should be around 5% in water.

    The harvesting should be done after a week if the shrimp has gained 30 grams of weight. Those shrimps collected should be stored in cold storage or sent for processing within 10 hours of harvesting time. It is advisable not to harvest shrimp at the time of molting as they have soft shells which fetch a low price.

    Tips to increase the rate of shrimp farming

    With the evolution of time, shrimp farming has gained popularity. More farmers are attracted to it. But it is a challenge to increase productivity, and still, people are looking for ways to increase productivity.

    Below are some ways to increase shrimp farming:

    1. Ensuring a high protein diet: Actually, it is very essential to give a highly nutritious and protein-rich diet to the shrimps. The resultant is a healthy and fast grown-up shrimp. Qualitative care is a must to get higher yields.
    2. Expert management: High-level expertise is needed to monitor shrimp growth. To expand the production rate, rigorous efforts have to be put in.
    3. Water management: Fix water level needs to be maintained, with quality on priority. If the water quality is compromised, shrimps won’t grow well. Continuous cleaning and flushing of contaminated water should be done to ensure healthy shrimps.
    4. Adding good supplements to diet: There is an ample number of supplements flooded in the market. If you can’t afford them, you can prepare one for yourself. Rice mill sweeps, corn, wheat, and animal protein can be added to the diet.
    5. Proper air supply should be there. Fresh and atmospheric air is important for shrimps.

    Is shrimp farming profitable?

    After going through the facts and figures narrated above, you must have got a complete analysis of how to proceed in this direction. Now, the main thing of concern is, whether to get yourself engaged in this field or not? You must be glad to know, in today’s era this is a hot trendy business.

     Apart from non-vegetarian food, even sea-food has gained importance in these past years. People are more attracted to this. This is why shrimp farming is a flourishing market. To rule the market, you just need to careful regarding certain points mentioned above. You can be the king here. This will surely earn you high profits as it has huge market demand. 

    Go ahead with your own shrimp farming business and make more riches.

    Carrot Farming 101 – Unleash Your Carrot Farming Potential

    Carrot is one among the popular root vegetables and can be grown easily in your backyard. It needs well-drained and fertile soil with 8 hours of sunlight. It takes about 70-80 days to grow carrot at home. Regular inspection is needed to avoid pests and diseases.

    If you can grow carrots in the garden, you will get the best of the varieties, full of flavor and texture! Carrots are very popular, loved, long-lasting vegetables. And you can grow them in almost any climate. Here is everything about carrot farming methods, planting growing, and harvesting.

    You can grow carrots pretty easily if you can use loose, sandy soil during cold days of the growing season – fall and spring, and carrots can tolerate frost as well. Depending on the local conditions and variety, carrots may take two to four months for proper growth. Plant them in summer and spring and harvest them continuously through the fall!

    Why is the Type of Soil Very Important?

    carrot farming

    It is massively important to choose the most suitable soil for profitable carrot farming. If the roots of the carrot don’t grow easily, you may end up getting misshaped crops – of course, the last thing you would want!

    Here is how to prepare the soil for carrot farming:
    • Till down 12 inches and remove all the stones, rocks, and even the clumps of soils – ensuring the soil is very smooth and sandy.
    • Don’t amend the soil with material rich in nitrogen like manure and fertilizer, which can disrupt the healthy growth of carrot roots. Working in cold coffee grounds is a great idea.
    • If there are a lot of clay or rocks in the ground, you should think about planting carrots in a raised bed with 12 inches deep trenches filled with airy, loamy soil.

    Climate Requirement for Carrot Farming:

    Cold weather is ideal for growing carrots but does well in warm climates too.

    The optimum temperature for healthy growth is 16 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius, while temperature more than 28 degrees can drastically affect the production. Temperatures below 16 degrees Celsius may affect the natural colour of carrots, and may even lead to slender roots, while there are shorter and thicker roots in warm climates.

    The temperature range of 15 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees. Celsius is very, very good for growing carrots, as you will get attractive roots with decent colour and quality.

    Planting Dates for Carrots

    Fall Carrots Planting:

    Usually, the first frost occurs at the end of September in the USA

    • For carrot harvesting in summer, you should sow the carrot seeds outdoors three to five weeks before the end of spring frost.
    • To ensure productive carrot harvesting, you should plant a fresh round of seeds every three weeks continuously through the spring.
    • If you want to harvest carrots during fall, ensure sowing seeds in mid to late summer. Start approx ten weeks before the first fall frost.

    Choosing the right planting site

    • Location with proper, direct sunlight is the best site for carrot farming, though they survive in partial shade as well.
    • As already discussed, you should opt for loose, loamy or sandy, airy soil, so that the roots can easily go through the soil.

    Propagation of Carrots

    Propagation of carrots is done using the seeds. Depending on the variety, the seeds that are broadcast or sowing in the filed with a seed rate of 5 to 6 kg/ha or 6 to 9 kg/ha.

    Seeds are smaller in size and count approx. 800 per gram. And they remain lively for as many as three years with up to 80% chances of germination. However, the germination may be inadequate in some local varieties.

    Therefore, you should not forget to get a rough calculation of germination percentage while calculating the requirement of seeds.

    For best results, procuring clean, healthy and viable seeds from a reliable source is very important. Usually, the carrot seeds take up to 7 to 20 days to germinate properly.

    The atmospheric temperature of 20 to 30 degrees Celsius is ideal for seed germination (different from the growth of carrots).

    Also Read: Sweet Potato Farming Information Guide

    How to Plant Carrots?

    Carrot planting from seeds is the best option, instead od transplanting. It would be best if you sowed the seeds directly in the field, keeping in mind that they don’t like any disturbance whatsoever.

    Sow the seeds 2 to 3 inches apart in rows, ¼ inch deep, and 1 foot apart.

    A useful TIP: Ensure distributing seeds equally so that they don’t grow together at the same place. You can use a seed-sower for proper distribution.

    Again, maintain enough moisture in the soil with frequent shallow watering. Small carrot seeds don’t like hard crusts or lumps for their growth. Covering the seeds with fine compost or vermiculite is also a decent idea to prevent the formation of crusts.

    You can check the moisture by putting a finger in the ground – the soil should be moist, but not wet.

    At times, carrots germinate very slowly, and it may take two to three weeks to show any sign of life. So, being patience is also very important. If you have maintained the right carrot planting distance, there are very high chances of timely, healthy and productive germination.

    Tip: You can add radish seeds to carrot seeds to track the growth of carrots. As radish grow quickly, you can harvest them, and the carrots will also start to grow.

    Fertilization Management in Carrot Farming:

    You should choose the fertilizers after proper analysis of the soil.

    Farm Yard Manure with the distribution rate of 30 tonnes per hectare is recommended at final ploughing with a dosage of 40 to 60 kg nitrogen, 90 to 110 kg potassium, and 25 to 50 kg phosphorus for every hectare.

    Add about three tons of farmyard manure while preparing the land, mixed with 40 kg phosphorus, 50 kg nitrogen, and 50 kg potash for each hectare.

    Add a full dose of phosphorus and potassium, and half the dose of nitrogen before sowing the seeds. You should add the remaining nitrogen at the 56th week of germination.

    Carrots love feeding on potassium, deficiency of which can severely affect the roots as well as the overall metabolism of the plants. Carrots with low potassium quantity are not good to taste and don’t last long too.

    Irrigation Management for Carrot Crops

    The first carrot farming irrigation should be light, and you should do it immediately after sowing. Carry out the subsequent irrigations as per requirement.

    As discussed, too much moisture is not ideal for carrot crops, and you may end up getting light-coloured, short carrots with a larger diameter. Types of soil, season, and variety of carrots play key roles in deciding the requirement of irrigation.

    carrot farm

    Usually, irrigation in every 5 to 6 days in summer and 10 to 15 days in winter is ideal for adequate moisture for the carrot crop.

    Only occasional irrigation is needed during the rainy season. It would help if you avoided water stress around the roots, especially while they grow, to prevent from cracking.

    Carrot Care Tip

    While Carrots Are Growing

    • Mulching carrots gently is a decent option to maintain moisture, speed-up the germination, and stop direct sunlight to the roots.
    • When seedlings are of one-inch height, they will usually stand 3 to 4 inches apart. You should trim the tops with a farming scissor instead of plucking them to avoid certain damage to the fragile roots.
    • One-inch water every week is recommended in the beginning, then two inches with the growth of roots.
    • Weeding is an important aspect of carrot planting care, but ensure you don’t disturb the young roots while doing so.
    • Fertilizer with low-nitrogen quantity but high potassium and phosphate after 5 to 6 weeks of sowing is recommended. Excess nitrogen in fertilizer works on the top of carrot plants, not on the roots.

    Managing Pests and Diseases

    There are some common pests and diseases associated with carrot planting. They are:

    • Black (Itersonilia) canker
    • Flea Beetles
    • Carrot rust flies
    • Root-knot nematodes
    • Wireworms, and
    • Aster Yellow Disease:Causes discoloured and shortened carrot tops with hairy roots. You can invest in a control plant to control the pests like leafhoppers.

    Carrot Harvest and Storage:


    • Small-sized carrots taste best, so you should prefer carrot harvesting when they are still young.
    • You can decide to harvest, depending on your priority. Carrots with the width of a thumb or at least ½ inch of diameter are very good for harvesting.
    • Suppose you are planting carrots in the early summer or spring. In that case, harvesting before the arrival of hot days is the best idea, as carrots may get fibrous under high atmospheric temperature.
    • Harvesting carrots after one or more frosts are linked with better taste, as the plants store more energy (sugars) in the roots for later usage.
    • You can also preserve the carrots after first frosts by covering the 18-inch layer of shredded leaves for late carrot harvesting.

    FYI, Carrots are biennial crops. If you don’t harvest due to some reason, the tops will start flowering and producing seeds after the first year.


    Once the carrot harvest season is at its end, storage is the next big task.

    • Twist or cut the ½ inch off the tops of carrots to store them fresh.
    • Don’t forget to remove any dirt under cold, running water, and dry in the air.
    • Refrigerate only after sealing them in airtight plastic bags; otherwise, they will get limped within a few hours.
    • For temporary carrot storage, you can leave the mature ones in the soil, if there are not freezing or pest’s problem with the soil.
    • Tubs, sand, dry sawdust with the cool, dry atmosphere are also some other options for storage.

    Recommended Varieties

    There are plenty of different carrot varieties. They are of rainbow colors, shapes, and sizes!

    • Bolero: 7 to 8 inches, slightly tapered, resists most leaf pests as well as blights.
    • Danvers: One of the classic heirloom carrot varieties, tapered at the end, and has a dark, rich orange color, suitable for heavy soil.
    • Little Finger: Another heirloom variety, looks like Nantes as they grow only 4 inches long, and one inch thick; one of the best varieties for storage.
    • Nantes: Cylindrical, 6 to 7 inches tall, sweetest of them all; with a crisp texture.
    • Napoli: One of the first-rate sub-types of Nantes variety, grown in spring, known for bright orange roots, mild, juicy, crunchy, and fine texture.

    Some common varieties of UK carrot:

    Altrincham: Long and slender roots with good flavour. The neck is purple, where it is exposed to sunlight.

    Amsterdam Forcing: Bouncing, small, finger carrot.

    Autumn King: One of the most common commercial carrots, flaky type, with strong tops and heavy yields. A true winter carrot, which is fairly colourful and smooth.

    Baby Bell: Small, tender type, matures earlier than most of the other varieties.

    Belgian White: Large roots with white skin, very popular in Belgium as well as France.

    Crusader: One of the Nantes types, good colour, smooth skin, ready to harvest in autumn, summer and late spring.

    Wit and Wisdom

    • There are so many different colors of carrot, including orange, purple, red, and white, and only some of them are resistant to pests and diseases.
    • Long-lasting carrots contain a rich quantity of sugar and are a very good source of carotene and vitamins.
    • Carrot is also called as “underground honey” in Ireland due to its sweetness.
    • FYI, carrots are the first vegetables to be commercially canned.

    That’s all about our guide on “how to do carrot farming”.If you are planning to start carrot farming, we would suggest you go ahead. It’s easier; it’s full of fun, and very, very productive too.

    Hopefully, you liked it, and you are not better prepared to start your own carrot farming. Do write to us if you have found it helpful, or if you have some questions. Share the guide with your friends who are interested in carrot farming.


    How Often to Water Chilli Plants?

    Gardening experts recommend watering chili plants only when the top 1-2 inches of soil is dry. In other words, water this plant every 2-3 days, but frequency can vary based on factors like climate, pot size, and plant size. It’s important to keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged, to promote healthy chili plant growth.

    Grow chili plants in your garden. They are easy to take care of and you can use their fruits in many recipes.

    Watering chili plants needs to be done correctly. Too much or too little water can damage the plant. How often should you give your chili plant water? Let’s find out!

    Chilli plants need different amounts of water. This depends on their age and size, the type of soil they are in, the temperature, light levels and humidity. Generally, chilli plants should get a lot of water once a week if planted outside or twice a week if in a pot.

    In the summer, chilli plants need more water. You should give them water three times each week.

    Water chili plants early in the morning. This gives the soil time to absorb the water before it gets too hot outside and all of water disappears.

    Watering Needs of Chili Plants

    It is important to know how much water your chili plants need. Not enough water can make the leaves wilt and fall off. Too much water can be bad for the roots. Find out how much water they need so they stay healthy.

    Chili plants need different amounts of water. Depending on its size, the amount of sunlight it absorbs, and what kind of soil surrounds it; irrigation for plants can vary.

    • Chili plants need different amounts of water. When they are small, give them more water. When they start to make fruit, give them the most water.
    • The amount of water your chili plant requires is heavily dependent upon the kind of soil it resides in. Sandy soil dries out faster than clay soil, so a chili plant in sandy soil may need more water more often.
    • Depending on the weather, your chili plants may need different levels of water; for instance, dry and hot conditions necessitate more hydration than cooler and humid environments.
    • Cultivating chili plants in pots can determine the amount of water they require, and it all depends on their size.
    • Owing to the fact that they dry out more rapidly than their larger counterparts, miniature planters require frequent hydration.

    How Often Should You Water Your Chili Plant?

    watering chilli plants

    Chili plants need a lot of water. To figure out how often to water them, check the top inch of soil. Parched soil requires one or two thorough watering each week to ensure the plant’s health. This might change depending on things like light and temperature.

    To check if your chili plant needs water, stick your finger into the soil. Go in up to the first joint on your finger. If it feels dry, give it some water. If it feels wet, wait a day or two and then check again.

    Also Read: Is Cow Manure Good For Chili Plants?

    Overwatering Chilli Plant

    Don’t give your chili plant too much water. If you do, the leaves might turn yellow and fall off. Water your chili plant one or two times a week. Look at your sprinkler system to make sure it is not using too much water.

    Take care of your chili plant by following the tips. Give it enough water and it will stay healthy. With good care, your chili plant can last a long time.

    Under-watering Chilli Plants

    Without adequate watering, your chili plants will struggle to reach their full potential. Feel the soil to see if it is dry. If yes, give them a lot of water. If their leaves are droopy or yellow, give them more water. Keep the soil damp so they stay healthy.

    Take care of your chili plants. Give them enough water to stay healthy and keep growing. This way, you can have a chili plant for a long time!

    Best Soil for Chilli Plants

    Chili plants need soil with lots of nutrients and the right pH balance. The soil should be light and airy so the roots can get water before it disappears into the air.

    To help your chili plants grow, add compost or mulch to the soil. This will give it more nutrients and help water get to the plant. Change where you put the plants sometimes so they stay healthy.

    Check this out: How Long Does It Take to Grow Peppers from Seed?

    Mulching Chilli plant to Avoid Underwatering

    Use mulch to help your chili plants get water. Mulch is things like straw or leaves. It will help keep the soil wet and stop water from going away. The roots of the chili plants will have enough water, so you don’t need to water them a lot. Mulching also keeps weeds away and makes sure that the soil stays in one place.

    Take care of your chili plants by giving them enough water. This will help them stay healthy and grow bigger. With proper care, these plants will thrive in your garden for years to come.

    Tips for Watering Chili Plants

    1. Water your chili plant in the morning. This way it can get water before it gets too hot outside.
    2. Chili plants don’t like cold water. Use water that is the same temperature as your room when you give it to the chili plants.
    3. Do not water the leaves of chili plants. Watering the leaves can give them a sickness. Instead, water the soil near the plant.
    4. Spreading a layer of mulch around your chili plant can be an effective way to retain moisture in the soil, meaning you won’t have to water as frequently.
    5. It is important for water to get down deep into the soil around your chili plant. To help with this, use a watering can that has a long spout. With this tool, you’ll be able to precisely direct the water exactly where it has to go.
    6. Remember that chili plants need more water when it is hot outside or when there is little or no rain.

    How often should I water my chili plants?

    Chili plants need to be watered once or twice a week. Check the soil to see if it is dry and then water your plant. When temperatures soar or a dry spell strikes, frequent watering may be necessary. Don’t give too much water because that can hurt the roots.

    Also Read: Chilli Flowers Dropping Off – Plant not flowering

    What is the best time to water my chili plants?

    Water your chili plants in the morning. Use water that is not cold or hot, just room temperature. Don’t water the leaves, only the soil around the plant. This will help keep it healthy.

    Can I use cold water to water my chili plants?

    Don’t use cold water to water your chili plants. Cold water can hurt the roots. Use room temperature water instead so that the plant can get the most out of the watering.

    Should I water the leaves of my chili plant?

    Do not water the leaves of chili plants. This can give them fungi diseases. Only water the soil around the plant instead. Put mulch on the soil around your chili plant to keep it moist and help you water it less often.

    What is the best way to keep soil moist for chili plants?

    Mulching can help your chili plants get more water. Put straw or leaves around the soil to prevent water from evaporating quickly. This will help the roots of your chili plants get enough water and you won’t need to water them as often. Mulching also stops weeds from growing and keeps the soil in place.

    How do I ensure that the water penetrates deeply into the soil around my chilli plant roots?

    Make sure the water gets deep into the ground near your chili plant. A watering can with a long spout can help you water the plants in hard to reach places.

    Do chili plants need more water in hot weather or during dry periods ?

    Chili plants need more water when it is hot or when there are droughts. Check your chili plants often and give them water if they need it. With good care, the chili plants will stay healthy and last a long time in your garden.


    Watering a chili plant is important so it can stay healthy and grow. Too much water can hurt the plant. Check the top inch of soil before you water it. Depending on the temperature, water your plants one or two times a week to ensure optimal growth.

    Water chili plants with room temperature water. Mulch around the plants to keep the soil moist for longer. Give extra water during hot and dry weather.