Growing peppers is really science. It can be achieved with simple means soil, water and sun. It can be done in a complex greenhouse with precise nutrients and irrigation. However, as with anything that is alive, imbalances and stress can create problems.
With bell peppers, the plant gives clear signals when something happens. A common problem with bell pepper plant is when the leaves begin to wrinkle. This can happen for a number of reasons, and this article explains what to do when pepper leaves are wrinkled.
Pepper plant can be grown in neither too dry nor allowing to flooding, moist, rich in organic matter and well drained soil.
The plants are growing by cutting about 15 to 20 inches long, climbing to neighbouring tree at distance of about 2m apart. The rough bark trees climb more readily then smooth bark. Participating trees are cleared away, leaving few tresses to provide shade and permit free ventilation. The leaf mulch and manure can be covered the roots and the shoots are trimmed for twice a single year. The plant needs water for every other day during dry season for the first three years. The plant carries fruit from the 4 to 5 years and for the typically for seven years. The cutting plant require cultivator for both yield and quality of product.
A stem has 20 to 30 fruiting spikes. One or two fruits turn red at the roots of the spikes, but before the fruits are fully mature and have not yet hardened, the harvest begins.
If they are allowed to fully mature, the fruits will lose their sharpness and eventually fall off and be lost. Collect the spikes and place them in the sun to dry, and then remove the pepper from the spikes.
As we know, pepper can cause sneezing. Some sources say that piperine is a substance found in black pepper that can irritate the nasal cavity and cause sneezing. Black pepper is believed to treat various diseases such as insomnia, constipation, oral abscess, toothache and sunburn.
My pepper plants have wrinkled leaves
According to pathologist at the University of Florida, if the peppers in your garden grow wrinkles or wrinkled leaves, it may be the source of virus that numbs the growth and distort the fruit. Can be infect most sweet peppers, chilli peppers and ornamental plants, it is very common worldwide.
Although the severity of symptoms may vary depending on the type of pepper plant you have, the first sign of infection is a slight frown or wrinkle on the leaves. Older leaves are mottled yellow or lighter green. In the striped form of the virus, yellow stripes appear along the main veins of the leaves, and then discoloured stripes appear on the outer veins. Growth retardation is common. The fruit is usually small, deformed and large in size.
The virus invades pepper plants through small scratches on the stem or leaves. Bell pepper fragile virus can be spread mechanically through contact or through infected soil tools, or seeds. Its cousin, spotted pepper vein virus exhibits similar symptoms in infected plants and is mainly transmitted by winged aphids. Although the severity of symptoms may vary depending on the type of pepper plant, aphids feed on certain weeds, such as woodpeckers and black nightshades, which can spread viral bites and infect nearby pepper plants.
Because only a few pepper plants are resistant to the virus. If you suspect an infected plant, remove it and any nearby plants. Remove contaminated plant material from the soil. Before touching healthy plants or the surrounding soil, wash your hands and clean your nails with alcohol gel. Dis infects shovels and other tools with household bleach.
One of the failure things you can do with pepper plants is to keep the soil too moist. Pepper plants choose dry soil, and excess of water can cause many problems.
Over watering can cause pepper leaves to wrinkle. The leaves of pepper have shrunk because the roots cannot absorb enough oxygen and nutrients from the soil. Excess of water also often to yellow leaves and plant growth retardation.
Water only when the soil is dry enough. Feel the weight of the plant by touching the soil below the surface or lifting the pot.
If the plant is allowed to dry, the leaves will begins to wither, but will fall off after watering. You can also try using water meter to check the soil moisture level.
Also Read: How to Germinate Chilli Seeds
Calcium is a secondary nutrient for the growth of pepper plants. Among other things, it is used by plants to build strong cell walls. When plants lack calcium, the leaves do not develop properly and wrinkle or blisters appear.
There are brown spots on the leaves, there may be other signs of nutritional deficiencies, such as yellow leaves.
Use bone meal or other calcium supplements to supplement calcium. Calcium and magnesium are secondary nutrients that can be provided to inhibit growth of Irregular plants. Sometimes, but not always, they are added to general-purpose fertilizers, so please check the ingredients.
We like Fox Farm Fertilizer Trio because its feed is simple and balanced.
Many potting soils also contain calcium, but not all. Find out your soil to see what nutrients are added. If you are planting in soil, try to collect soil samples for analysis.
Excess of sunlight
It is very important to provide light to the pepper plants. This peppers plants like sunshine at all season. Therefore, if you grow outdoors, lighting is unlikely to be a problem.
A more common problem is caused by improper use of indoor plant growth lights. The brightness and intensity of plant lights varies greatly. These are necessary if you grow your own pepper seeds indoors, but you need to follow specific lighting instructions to understand how close they should be to your plants.
If your plant is too close to the light, you will see the leaves fold and block the bright light. Eventually, this problem can cause the leaves of the pepper to dry out and fall off, which usually turn brown and fall apart when pressed.
Please note that young plants tend to be more susceptible to this problem than mature peppers. Seedlings are softer than fully developed plants.
If you think your plants have been slightly burned out, turn the light up a few inches. Keep our grow lights to be 10-16 inches from the canopy of leaves.
Make sure the lights are turned on for 12-16 hours on the timer and turned off for the rest of the day, because the 24/7 light is not good. If you are outdoors, please try to water at dawn or dusk to avoid scalding the leaves.
Outdoor mild burns will be soaked in direct sunlight. Water droplets will destroy the leaves in direct sunlight. However, they look like dark burn marks on the leaves, not wrinkles. You can also see some wrinkles on the leaves for the first time. Move your plants outside. Make sure to adjust the temperature of the pepper properly and gradually allow it to adapt to direct sunlight.
Uncontrolled insects can be a nightmare in your garden. They are everywhere and can cause severe damage to your plants within a few days.
Wrinkled pepper leaves can be a sign of pest infestation, although they tend to be concentrated on individual leaves rather than on the entire plant. Wrinkled and bubbly leaves may be the leaves on which insects live.
Pepper plants have wrinkled leaves, and this is probably one of them. Other secretions mentioned. Unfortunately, pest control is more difficult than preventive measures. However, there are a few steps you can take to resolve the problem and eliminate most errors. If possible, burn the infected leaves, otherwise, because insects can spread easily, take them outside and discard them. You can also introduce ladybirds or other beneficial insects, which will feed on pests instead of pepper leaves.
Neem oil has a preventive effect, just apply the recommended amount to the soil before transplanting, or spray the diluted solution on the leaves.
Don’t expect the wrinkled pepper leaves to be completely healthy after treatment. The fact that plants are no longer beautiful does not mean that the problem is not solved. And understand that wrinkled sheets are still wrinkled.
Prevention and solutions
One form of PMMoV exists in the soil, usually in the seed itself, and cannot be cured after infection. Therefore, you should move the pepper plants to different parts of the garden each year. To avoid pests, PVMV is a portable form of growing peppers from plants that attract aphids, such as tomatoes and melons. Removing nearby weeds that can spread the virus will also reduce the risk infection. Experts recommend avoiding the virus, this is the best way to flight the virus, because very few pepper plants can resists the virus. In the common form of insects, peppers should be kept away from plants that attract aphids such as tomatoes and melons.
The best way to solve most landing problems is to learn from past mistakes and avoid them in the future!