Botanically classified as a berry, this fruit contains many small, soft, edible seeds that have a bitter taste because they are coated with nicotine alkaloids.
Eggplant is a delicate tropical perennial, usually grown as a mild or semi-annual plant. It grows in a temperate climate.
The stems are usually prickly. The flowers range from white to purple, with five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Some common varieties have shiny, purple, egg-shaped fruits, white flesh, and a fluffy “succulent” texture. The variety is white and elongated. After opening, the cut surface of the pulp quickly turns brown.
This plant is described as native to India, where it continues to grow in the wild, Africa or South Asia. Different types of plants produce fruits of different sizes, shapes, and colours, but they are usually purple. The less common varieties of white eggplant are also called Easter white eggplant, Casper, and garden egg.
Eggplant is used in dishes in many countries. Because of its texture and volume, it is sometimes used as a substitute for meat in vegetarian and vegetarian dishes. Eggplant has soft meat, and its many seeds are small, soft and edible, and cannot be picked with the rest of the fruit. Its thin skin is also edible, so there is no need to peel it, but when the eggplant is cooked, the green part on it should be removed, which is the Holy Grail.
Raw eggplant can taste bitter and sour, but when cooked it will become soft and produce a rich complex flavour. To remove the bitterness, rinse the cut fruit before cooking, drain the water and add salt. Absorption of fat and sauce can improve the taste of eggplant dishes.
How often to water eggplant?
Are you aware of eggplant if you not watered enough can flourish with bitter taste? It is a one of the best power packed vegetable with many health benefits. It is a common plant in vegetable home garden which is heavily loaded with nutrients. For perfect eggplant need a fix watering schedule. With the help of this article you can aware about how often to water egg plant?
How much water does eggplant require?
Especially during the growing period eggplant need a lot of water. This plant is a member of nightshade family along with other vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes and green peppers. As like other vegetables it also consumes large amount of water to grow. If you provide more water, it can give high quality fruit as well as good size of fruit.
For every week you have to water it about an inch for safe side, as the weather gets warm increase the water level and the weather gets cool decrease the water level. To be follow the thumb rule to maintain the plant soil moist.
The eggplant loves fertile soil and good soak in sun along with regular watering. If the above needs have been fulfil to get good quality crop in no time.
When watering eggplants, it is important to take care of the soil. These plants like moist soil, but when it gets wet, the roots begin to rot and infect other diseases causing to plants to wither.
Secondly, it depends on where you plan to grow eggplants. If you plan to grow eggplant indoors in flower pots, you will get a larger flower pot with drainage holes at the bottom so that the excess water can be drained easily. We recommend that you use plastic basins for this plant.
Most of us avoid plastics for environmental reasons, but these pots help the earth retain moisture. Plastic basins are also very durable.
For earthenware pots, water will be absorbed by earthenware pots. This makes it difficult to get wet and dirty. They are also heavier than plastic tanks, so they are difficult to move when needed.
How to water the eggplant?
It is depends on location of the eggplant where it should be planted. If you plant them indoors it needs water for every alternate day and check the moisture present in the soil before watering the plant.
You can easily check the moisture by sticking the finger in the soil and see the amount of potting mix stick to the finger or else you can do on a regular basis with the help of moisture metre.
With this moisture metre you can easily find out the amount of present in the soil, therefore you will know when to water the plant.
If the egg plant that are planted at outdoors, you have to aware about the climatic conditions before watering the plant.
Watering eggplants is not a difficult task, if done correctly. Because this plant requires good sunlight and dip in the water pool, so it is difficult to find a balance. Deciding how long to water the eggplant is sometimes difficult.
For this reason, most people turn to various methods to keep algae moisture, one of it is mulching which are nothing more than a form of insulation, with an organic or plastic layer on the surface of the ground. Therefore soil can breathe at the same time. Thus mulching will help to increase the time between watering.
In this way, you don’t have to water the plants frequently in hot weather, because most of the water will be trapped.
When to water an eggplant?
The best time to water the eggplant is early in the morning or late at night when the temperature is low. Watering eggplants is less stressful because these plants like moist soil. Therefore, they should be watered in the early morning. There is enough time to soak up moisture before sunrise.
When watering during the day, water will be lost due to evaporation. Experts suggest that it is best to water these plants in the morning to allow excess water to evaporate from the leaves during the day, thereby reducing the possibility of fungus growth.
During the day the plant looks little hydrated it may so happens then you could give watering to the plant at mid-day. With these decrease the chance of wilting and displaying curly leaves of the plant.
Too much watering of potted eggplants becomes a bigger problem because the water can only drain through the holes in the bottom. This combination with heavy potting soil allows the water to stay longer.
Eggplants that suffer from excessive water and drought ultimately die. The soaked eggplant roots will rot, preventing the plants from absorbing water and wilting. Eggplants need about an inch of water per week, in hot or windy climates, or if they grow in sandy soil, water plants about an inch long and then water again. Plants will develop small and fast-drying roots. If water collects on the soil surface and does not drain within 10 seconds, stop watering immediately.
Plants can also wither underwater, grow poorly and produce compact fruits. Shortage of watering can promotes shallow roots. The roots growth will be stops due to lack of water in the soil. If the root growth stops then the plant can’t produce quality fruits. Ultimately the eggplant will die. So, eggplant also required consistent water for their growth 1 inch of water once a week. Maintain the watering schedule regularly as per the climatic conditions and site of the plant plantation.
Soil preparation for eggplant
For planting the egg plant preparation of soil is important for the easy and quick growth and caring of. This plant requires the soil which keeps moisture and not undergoes soggy easily.
Eggplant likes fertile, well-drained sandy loam with a pH of 5.5 to 7. Remove all weeds and dig out the soil 6 to 10 cm deep. The higher the organic matter content in the soil, it is better for the growth of eggplant. Therefore, if possible, add a 3-4 inch layer of compost.